The Circassians in Kosovo

The Google Map shows some of the main towns and villages in Kosovo in which Circassians from the north Caucasus were settled by the Ottomans, following Russian Imperial expansion culminating in the 1860-1864 Russian-Circassian War.

The Circassians in Kosovo were from three of the twelve Adyghe tribes: the Abzakh, Shapsug and Ubykh.

Although a small population of Circassians still remains in Kosovo, there have been ongoing waves of emigration into Anatolia – after the Russo-Turkish War of 1877/78, during the Balkan Wars of 1912/13, after the formation of the first Yugoslavian state post-WW1, and after WW2. More recently, there has been movement back to the Caucasus. The Google Map shows the modern aul (village) of Mafejabl in the north Caucasus to which a group of unassimilated Kosovar Circassians relocated in 1998.