The Chechens in Turkey

The Google Map shows only Chechen villages and not other centres of Chechen population in Turkey. For instance, there are many Chechens in cities such as Istanbul, Kayseri and Sivas – these are not marked on the map.

The Chechens in the big cities have mostly arrived as a consequence of the recent conflicts of 1994-1996 and 1999-2009, in which the Russian state has tried repeatedly and violently to crush Chechen nationalism. Chechens have been displaced across Europe as well as Russia and Turkey and a significant percentage of the total Chechen population now lives in diaspora.

However, a proportion of the city-dwellers in Turkey are migrants from the villages which are the main subject of the map.

The Chechen villages in Turkey date from the C19th (many from the 1860s) and were settled by refugees – generally known as muhajir or muhacir – from the Russian conquest of the north Caucasus (the Caucasian War). The villages are mostly small (with typical populations of 100 to 300 persons), traditional and agricultural, with only basic facilities. This is the background to the rural-to-urban drift, as the younger generation is pulled out of the native communities by economic want and lack of opportunity. The villagers are Chechen-speaking as well as being Turkophone (schooling in Turkey being in Turkish) and, of course, are Sunni Muslim.


Armenian Kayseri before the 1915 Genocide

The list below shows those Armenians in the town of Kayseri (Kesaria in Armenian) named in a small selection of French-language Ottoman trade directories – those for 1909, 1912 and 1913.

The original volumes list individual professionals and tradesmen collated by occupation for ease of use by readers at the time. However, the list below is arranged alphabetically by surname, using the Latin alphabet, for ease of use by genealogists.

Generally, the names are spelt in accordance with French orthographic standards in their transliteration from the original Armenian. Some surnames were spelt differently in different years (or differently by different members of a family, or by unrelated individuals sharing the same surname), and these differences are captured in the list.

Kayseri (Kesaria or Gesaria) and other Armenian settlements in its vicinty are shown on this Google Map.

Abadjian, brothers, manufacturers of papers & cigarettes [1909]
Abadjian, Parsegh, dealer in linen & towels [1909]
Abadjioglu, brothers, merchants [1909, 1912]
Abakian, Himayak, fabrics [1909]
Adjemian, Kevork, shoemaker [1912, 1913]
Adjemoglou, Agop, builder [1909, 1912, 1913]
Adjentian, Missak, butcher [1909, 1912, 1913]
Adourian, Dicran, haberdasher [1912, 1913]
Afcharian, Agop, manufacturer of coloured muslin [1909, 1912, 1913]
Aghabachian, Ohannes, importer of leather and hides [1909]
Aghadjanian, Setrak, farmer [1912, 1913]
Aghaghanian / Aghlaghanian, Kricor, agent [1909, 1912, 1913]
Aghlaghanian, Krikor, importer of leather and hides [1909, 1912, 1913]
Aglayanyan, Kricor, cattle dealer [1909]
Ainedjian, Kevork, producer of basturma [1909, 1912, 1913]
Alboyadjian, A, town councillor [1909, 1912]
Alboyadjian, Kevork, animal gut merchant [1912, 1913]
Allahverdian, Agop, wool & silk rugs [1909]
Allaverdi, A, town councillor [1909, 1912]
Altoun, Garabed, builder [1909, 1912, 1913]
Apelian, Agop, carpet exporter [1909, 1912, 1913]
Apelian, Garabed, carpet exporter [1912, 1913]
Arabian, Kabriel, producer of basturma [1912, 1913]
Arakelian, Agop & Artin, haberdashers [1912, 1913]
Arakelian, Arakel, haberdasher [1909, 1912, 1913]
Arakelian, Dikran, producer of basturma [1909, 1912, 1913]
Arslanian, Ohan, doctor [1909]
Arslanian, Zakeos, silkworm breeder [1912, 1913]
Artin ousta [master], barber [1909, 1912, 1913]
Artinian, Artin, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Atmadjayan, Sarkis, watchmaker [1912, 1913]
Atoyan, Artin, clerk at tobacco board [1912, 1913]
Avedian, Garabed, barber [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ayanian, Parsegh, carpet exporter [1912, 1913]
Ayneyan, Asdvadzadour, wool machines [1909]
Ayneyan, Assadour, wool machines [1912, 1913]
Bach Bazirguianian, Parsegh, bookseller & stationer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Baghtchelian, Toros, tailor [1913]
Baroutdjian, S S, glass and hardware dealer [1912, 1913]
Bathiarian, brothers, dealers in linen & towels [1912, 1913]
Bahtiarian, Hadji Karnik, manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Bahtiarian, Serope Mihran, manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Balian, Detad, Armenian Apostolic prelate [1909]
Balian, Parsegh, agent [1912, 1913]
Bediguian, Bedros, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Bedjikian, Artin, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Behrikian, K, Armenian Apostolic vicar [1913]
Berberian, Agop, pharmacist [1909, 1912, 1913]
Berberian, Garabed, goldsmith [1909, 1912, 1913]
Beudjekian, -, dealer in linen & towels [1909, 1912, 1913]
Bohdjelian, Sarkis, producer of basturma [1909]
Bostanian, Agop, haberdasher [1909, 1912]
Boxalian, -, fabrics [1909, 1912, 1913]
Bulbulian, M, lawyer [1909]
Chaldjian, Hadji Vartan, producer of basturma [1909, 1912]
Chaldjian, Garabed, producer of basturma [1909, 1912, 1913]
Chaldjian, Kaloust, producer of basturma [1909, 1912, 1913]
Chichekian, Gulbenk, photographer [1912, 1913]
Chimchirian, Agop, producer of basturma [1912, 1913]
Chimchirian, Agopdjan & Serkis, manufacturers [1909, 1912, 1913]
Chimchirian, Sarkis & Agopdjan, dealers in linen & towels [1912, 1913]
Chimchirian, Missak, grain dealer [1909]
Couyoumdjian, O, town councillor [1909]
Couyoumdjian, Onnig, agent of Phoenix Assurance (Austria) [1909]
Couyoumdjian, Onnig, agent of L’Union de Paris assurance [1912]
Couyoumdjian, Onnik, merchant [1909, 1912, 1913]
Daghlarian, Tatheos & Hovsep, producers of basturma [1909, 1912, 1913]
Daglarian, H, shipper [1909, 1912, 1913]
Dakessian, Missak, watchmaker [1912, 1913]
Damlamayan, Hatchadour, doctor [1912, 1913]
Damlamian, Puzant, dentist [1913]
Dedeyan, Dikran, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Dedeyan, H, dealer in linen & towels [1913]
Dedeyan, Hamparzoum , manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Dedeyan, Kevork, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Dedeyan, Ohannes, dealer in Oriental curiosities [1909, 1912, 1913]
Dellalian, Garabed, importer of leather and hides [1909, 1912, 1913]
Delvetian, Hatchadour, doctor [1909, 1912, 1913]
Der Kougassian, Sissak, pharmacist [1912, 1913]
Der Meguerditchian, -, dealer in linen & towels [1909]
Der Mesropian, brothers, fabrics [1909]
Der Miguirditchian, -, tailor [1909]
Deguirmendjian / Deyirmendjian, Meguerditch, dentist [1909, 1912, 1913]
Djamdjian, -, wool & mohair dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Djamdjian, brothers, merchants [1909, 1912, 1913]
Djamdjian, Agop, metal dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Djamdjian, Garabed, metal dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Djamdjian, Vahan & Leon, manufacturers [1909, 1912]
Djazmadarian, Agop, importer of leather and hides [1909]
Djerdjerian, Karnik, pharmacist [1909]
Djerdjerian, Sarkis, producer of basturma [1909]
Djevahirdjian, Roupen, representative of Singer sewing machines [1909, 1912, 1913]
Djinguidirian, brothers, animal gut merchants [1909]
Djirdjirian, Artin, glass and hardware dealer [1909]
Djirdjirian, Karnik, pharmacist [1912, 1913]
Djivelekian, Armenak, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Durkerian, H Agop, tailor [1912, 1913]
Efkereli, Artin, shoemaker [1909, 1912, 1913]
Elibouyoukian, Garabed, doctor [1909]
Elmayoudanian, Ghazaros, goldsmith [1909]
Emirzian, Kirkor, haberdasher [1909, 1912, 1913]
Epremian, Djivan Mihran, haberdasher [1909]
Erkiletliyan, Artin, wool machines [1909, 1912, 1913]
Essayan, Agop, dentist [1913]
Essayan, M, glass and hardware dealer [1909]
Etmekdjian, brothers, manufacturers of coloured muslin [1912, 1913]
Etmekdjian, Hadji Artin, manufacturer of coloured muslin [1909]
Eukababian, brothers, manufacturers [1912, 1913]
Euksuzian, Sahak, builder [1909, 1912, 1913]
Fillippossian, O, agent of Alliance de Genes assurance [1912, 1913]
Frenkian, D, town councillor [1909, 1912]
Frenkian, H C, banker & currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Frenkian, Yervant, shipper [1909, 1912, 1913]
Gadjerian, Dicran, fabrics [1909]
Gazarian, Haig, agent of Phoenix Assurance (Austria) [1912, 1913] and of Caisse Paternelle [1913]
Gazerian, Haig, glass and hardware dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ghazerian, Dikran, manufacturer [1909]
Guerekmezian, -, merchant [1909]
Gulbenkian, Gaspar, lawyer [1909, 1913]
Gulbenkian, Gulbenk, doctor [1909, 1912, 1913]
Gurunluyan, Artin, soap merchant [1909, 1912, 1913]
Gurunlyan, M, soap merchant [1909, 1912, 1913]
Haitayan, Mardiros, producer of basturma [1912, 1913]
Haladjian, brothers, producers of basturma [1909]
Hamalian, Peniamin, builder [1909, 1912, 1913]
Hatchikian, B, grocer [1909]
Hazarian, Parsegh, goldsmith [1909, 1912]
Hurmuzian, Sarkis, manufacturer of coloured muslin [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ibranossian / Ipranossian, brothers, dealers in linen & towels & manufacturers [1909, 1912, 1913]
Iktiyarian, A, merchant [1909]
Indjirdjian, Artin, dealer in Oriental curiosities [1909]
Inguiliz, Sarkis, butcher [1909]
Iplikdjian, -, dealer in linen & towels [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ismirlian, Krikor, agent [1912, 1913]
Ismitlian, Artin, furrier [1912, 1913]
Isnimedlian, Agop, lawyer [1909]
Ispendjian, Garabed, doctor [1912, 1913]
Ispetcherian, Agop, doctor [1912, 1913]
Jamgotchian, Agop, tailor [1912, 1913]
Jamgotchian, Mardiros, confectioner [1912, 1913]
Jamgotchian, Pokrades, dealer in Oriental curiosities [1912, 1913]
Jamgotchian, Sarkis, confectioner [1909]
Kabassakalian, Agop, currency exchange [1909]
Kabassakalian, Nazar, manufacturer of coloured muslin [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kalaidjian, -, carpet exporter [1909]
Kalfayan, Arsene, lawyer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kalpakian / Kalpakdjian, Agop, pharmacist [1912, 1913]
Kalpakian, H & Co, druggists & agents for medicines & pharmaceutical products [1912, 1913]
Kalpakian, Hapet, department manager, tobacco board [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kalpakian, Setrak, exporter of skins [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kaltakdjian, Boghos, druggist & pharmacist [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kaltakdjian, Boghos, wool machines [1909]
Kaltakdjian, David, producer of basturma [1909]
Kaltakdjian, Hadji Kricor, importer of leather and hides [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kaltakian, Sarkis, doctor [1912, 1913]
Kapakian, H & brothers, fabrics [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kaplanian, Kaloust, bookseller & stationer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Karacachian, Avedis, laundryman [1909]
Karagueusian, Himayak, doctor [1913]
Karakoulian, Ohannes, dealer in linen & towels [1909]
Karamikian, Agop, confectioner [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kassabian, Hadji Messia, wool & silk rugs [1909]
Kassabian, Messa, carpet exporter [1912, 1913]
Kassapian, Nazar, producer of basturma [1912, 1913]
Kassardjian, brothers, farmers [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kassardjian, brothers, fabrics [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kassardjian, Garabed, lawyer [1912, 1913]
Kazandjian, Hadji Garabed, haberdasher [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kazazian, Agop, wool & mohair dealer [1912, 1913]
Kazazian, H & S, wool & mohair dealers & merchants [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kazerian, Haig, haberdasher [1909, 1912, 1913]
Keayan, Agop, exporter of skins [1909]
Keayan, Miguirditch, wool & mohair dealer [1909]
Kechichian, Mateos, Armenian Catholic vicar [1912, 1913]
Kechguekian, Gulabi, importer of leather and hides [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kehyayan, Agop, wool & mohair dealer, manufacturer & merchant [1909, 1912]
Kehyayan, M, merchant [1909]
Kehyayan, Ohannes, lawyer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Keledjian, Garbis, barber [1909, 1912, 1913]
Keloghlanian, Kevork, glass and hardware dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Keloghlanian, Parsegh, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kerestedjian, Nazar, timber merchant [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ketchian, Sarkis, watchmaker [1912, 1913]
Keutcheyan, Apraham, doctor [1909, 1912, 1913]
Khatchadourian, -, merchant [1909]
Khorozian, Kricor, laundryman [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kielessian, Agop, importer of leather and hides [1909]
Kierekmezian, Krikor, agent of Gresham Assurance [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kiestekian, Agop, importer of leather and hides [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kilidjian, -, shipper [1909]
Kilimian, Parsegh, grain dealer & manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kirtchayan, Agop, agent [1909]
Kitabdjian, brothers, goldsmiths [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kondakdjian, Avedis, grocer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kondakdjian, Levon, colonial goods [1912, 1913]
Konialian, Agop, barber [1912, 1913]
Koulian, Agop, agent [1912, 1913]
Koundakdjian, Kricor, carpet exporter [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kourouyan, Agop, goldsmith [1912, 1913]
Koutnian, Roupen, manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kouyoumdjian, Onnig, wool & mohair dealer [1909, 1912, 1913] and agent of Union de Paris assurance [1913]
Kurkdjian, Kaprel, haberdasher [1909, 1912, 1913]
Loussararian, M, flour merchant [1913]
Loussararian, Mardiros, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Loussararian, Mardiros, grain dealer [1909]
Madjarian, Ababa, fez dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Maissian, Sarkis, producer of basturma [1909]
Malhassian, Hamparzoum, fabrics [1909]
Malkassian, Krikor, shipper [1909, 1912, 1913]
Marachli, Sarkis, grocer [1909]
Maraschian, -, carpet exporter [1909]
Marcarian, H, colour & varnish dealer [1912, 1913]
Martayan, Vahan, glass and hardware dealer [1909, 1912]
Meineti, Garabed, goldsmith [1909]
Mekdjavakian, H Artin, manufacturer [1912, 1913]
Melemetdjian, Krikor, importer of leather and hides [1909, 1912, 1913]
Mendikian / Mindikian, Haig, manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Mendikian, T, town councillor [1909, 1912]
Mendikian /Mindikian, Tateos & brothers, dealers in linen & towels [1909, 1912, 1913]
Merdinian, Kievork, pharmacist [1913]
Merdjimekdjian, Nazar, importer of leather and hides [1909]
Merekdjian, Nazar, butcher [1909]
Mesropian, -, fabrics [1909, 1912, 1913]
Mihtchavakian, -, fabrics [1909, 1912, 1913]
Mikdjavakian, Ohannes, shipper [1912, 1913]
Minassian, Minas, fabrics [1909]
Mindikian, H, dealer in linen & towels [1913]
Mindikian, Tatheos & son, manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Mirzavakian, K, shipper [1909]
Moroukian, Leon, wool & silk rugs [1909]
Moroukian, Leon, carpet exporter [1912, 1913]
Mosditchian, Garabed, metal dealer [1909]
Mosditchian, Nazaret, bookseller & stationer [1909]
Mostidjian, brothers, photographers [1909]
Nacashian, Garabed, carpet exporter [1909, 1912, 1913]
Naltchadjian, Toros, cattle dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Navrouzian, Garabed, manufacturer of coloured muslin [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ohanian, Garabed, furrier [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ohanian, Hadji, currency exchange [1909]
Ohanian, Mihran, exporter of skins [1909]
Ohanian, Vahan, agent [1909, 1912]
Ohanian, Vahan, shipper [1909]
Ohanian, V & G, wool & mohair dealer & exporters of skins [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ougourian, Karnik, glass and hardware dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ougourlian, Karnik, haberdasher [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ougourlian, Karnik, silkworm breeder [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ounanian, Dikran, barber [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ouzounboghossian, brothers, manufacturers [1912, 1913]
Ouzounboghossian, Agop, importer of leather and hides [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ouzounboghossian, Djivan, manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Palamoudian, Garabed, confectioner [1909, 1912, 1913]
Palamoudian, Vitchen, grain dealer [1909]
Panossian, H, wool & silk rugs [1909]
Panossian, Y, carpet exporter [1909]
Pilipossian, Kevork, manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Pirinian / Pirimian, Onnik, director of Imperial Ottoman Bank [1912, 1913]
Poladian, Arakel, currency exchange [1909]
Poladian / Polatian, Missak, currency exchange [1912, 1913]
Rakidjian, -, manufacturer [1909]
Reteossian, Dicran, doctor in health department [1909, 1912, 1913]
Saadjian, -, fabrics [1909, 1912, 1913]
Saatdjian, Agop & brothers, watchmakers [1909, 1912, 1913]
Saghirian, Parsegh, dealer in linen & towels [1909]
Saghirian, Sarkis, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Saghiroglou, Parsek, flour dealer [1909]
Saghiroglou, Hadji Parsegh, miller at Ağırnas [1909, 1912]
Salidjian, Agop, currency exchange [1909]
Samuelian, Kaloust, tailor [1909, 1912]
Sarafian, Taniel, carpet exporter [1909, 1912, 1913]
Sarian, -, merchant & carpet exporter [1909, 1912, 1913]
Sarian, -, wool & mohair dealer [1912, 1913]
Sayabaleyan, Ghazaros effendi, Christian deputy governor [1909]
Seferian, brothers, fabrics [1909]
Seferian, Aleksan, metal dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Seferian, Boghos, dealer in linen & towels [1909]
Silghidjian, -, merchant [1909, 1912, 1913]
Silguidjian, -, carpet exporter [1909, 1912, 1913]
Silguidjian, -, wool & mohair dealer [1912, 1913]
Silguidjian, Kevork, manufacturer of coloured muslin [1909, 1912, 1913]
Simitian, M, carpet exporter [1909]
Sislian, Matheos, Armenian Catholic prelate [1909]
Sivadjian, Parsegh, manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Spendjian / Spentchian, Garabed, doctor in municipal health department [1909, 1912]
Spentchian, Agop, agent [1909, 1912, 1913]
Stambollouyan, Bedros, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Stepanian, brothers, photographers [1909, 1912, 1913]
Susmeyan, G, agent [1913]
Susmeyan, G, importer of leather and hides and metal dealer [1913]
Susmeyan / Suzmeyan, Garabed, shipper [1909, 1912, 1913]
Tachdjioglou, Avram, shoemaker [1912, 1913]
Tachdjoglou, Avram, dealer in linen & towels [1909, 1912, 1913]
Taharian, -, manufacturer [1909]
Tahtabouroun, Agop, shipper [1909]
Taslakdjian, Garabed, wool & silk rugs [1909]
Taslakdjian, Garabed, carpet exporter [1912, 1913]
Tatarian, Dicran, manufacturer &, fabrics [1909]
Tchadirdjian, Garabed, furrier [1912, 1913]
Tchakmakdjian, Toros, haberdasher [1912, 1913]
Tchamkertenian, Mardiros, wool & silk rugs [1909]
Tchamkertenian, Mardiros, carpet exporter [1912]
Tchaparian, S, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Tcherdjian / Tchertchian, Garabed, agent for Victoria de Berlin assurance & merchant in dyes [1912, 1913]
Tcheukukoglou, Parsegh, dyer [1909]
Tchinghidirian, Agop, exporter of skins [1909]
Tchiraghian, Agop, manufacturer of coloured muslin [1909, 1912, 1913]
Tcholakian, G, animal gut merchant [1909]
Tchoulfayan, Parounag, laundryman [1912, 1913]
Tellalian, Agop, fabrics [1909, 1912, 1913]
Tellian, Garabed, manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Timourian, Agop, carpet exporter [1909]
Topalian, brothers, carpet exporters [1909, 1912]
Topashian, Krikor, fabrics [1912, 1913]
Toufexian / Tufenkdjian, Ohannes, glass and hardware dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Toufexian, O & G, glass and hardware dealer [1909]
Touloumdjian, Hadji Agop, importer of leather and hides [1909, 1912, 1913]
Tufenkdjian, Meguerditch, wool & silk rugs [1909]
Varterian, Yervant, lawyer [1912, 1913]
Vartouk, Artin, barber [1909]
Yacobian, -, manufacturer of coloured muslin [1909, 1912, 1913]
Yacoubian, Kerope, Armenian Protestant minister [1909, 1912, 1913]
Yacoubian, Mihran, colonial goods dealer [1909]
Yaghmourian, Artin, metal dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Yazidjian, Garabed, colonial goods dealer [1909]
Yazidjian, Marcar S, manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Yazidjian, Markar S, dealer in linen & towels [1909, 1912, 1913]
Yazmadarian, Agop, importer of leather and hides [1912, 1913]
Yedibalian, A, town councillor [1909, 1912]
Yedibalian, K, glass and hardware dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Yedibalian, Kevork, manufacturer of papers & cigarettes [1909]
Youssoufian, Dion, glass and hardware dealer [1909]
Youssoufian, H D, colour & varnish dealer, colonial goods dealer, manufacturer of papers & cigarettes & glass and hardware dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Youssoufian, H H, colour & varnish dealer, colonial goods dealer, manufacturer of papers & cigarettes & glass and hardware dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Zakoyan, Melcon, timber merchant [1909]
Zambachian / Zambakdjian, -, carpet exporter [1909, 1912, 1913]
Zambakdjian, David & Garabed, manufacturers [1909, 1912, 1913]
Zartarian, Mardiros, Armenian Apostolic vicar [1912]






Armenians in Van trade directories 1880s/1890s

The city of Van is described in an 1891 French-language trade directory as follows:

“VAN (chief town of the vilayet). An old town, founded by Semiramis according to local tradition. The city is built near the edge of Lake Van, at approximately 5,200 feet above sea level. At the foot of the large rock that forms the citadel, remains of ancient buildings and cuneiform inscriptions have been found. 30,000 inhabitants, of whom 20,000 are Armenian.

The suburb called Aykesdan (“the vines” or “the vinyards”) is very pleasant.

The port is in commercial communication with secondary ports on the lake such as Nareg [Narek – modern Yemişlik], Ardjich [Arjesh – modern Erciş] and Tadouan [Datvan – modern Tatvan]. The lake is 80 miles long by 35 miles wide, if one does not count the gulf which extends inland to the NE and which measures 700 sq km, which makes the total extent of the lake about 3,500 sq km.

In the months of May and June, the darekh fish [Alburnus tarichiis – the only fish native to Lake Van] is caught in great quantities, and both exported to Persia and preserved for the winter.

Products: wheat, barley, vegetables, fruits, wines, oils, coal (untapped until today), zirnik [sodium sulfide], darekh fish, wool, tiftik [mohair], goat and sheep skins, and some furs. Salts [minerals?] are rich enough in the surroundings of Van. In Djoulamerik [Julamerik – modern Hakkâri], there is a mine with abundant reserves of zirnik but which is long abandoned.

Industries: cotton fabrics of various kinds, carpets, tanneries, belts.

Imports: European and Persian manufactures, colonial goods, cotton, worked skins.

Exports: cattle, sheep, galls [used for ink and dye], skins, wool.

12 Armenian churches, several convents, 4 mosques (one a former church), several Armenian schools, two preparatory schools. Schools for boys and girls run by American missionaries.”

The city is shown on this Google Map, together with various sites of Armenian interest , including those mentioned in the translation above.

The Armenian residents mentioned in the directories consulted – those for 1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896 – are as follows.


Alemian, Aslan, banker [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Babiguian, brothers, merchants [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Bartevian, Artin, tanner [1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Chadvorian, Avedis, banker [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889]
Chahbazian, Manouk, merchant [1889]
Chahbinderian, Margos, merchant [1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Chaldjian, Agop, merchant [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889]
Chirvanian, Nishan effendi, dragoman for British Vice-Consul [1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Der Artinian, Simon effendi, dragoman for Persian Consul [1896]
Der Ohannessian, Kirkor, merchant [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Derdivonessosian, Nerses, stationer & bookseller [1893, 1894, 1896]
Djidadjian, brothers, merchants [1893, 1894, 1896]
Eremian, O, merchant [1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Fadjian, Var., merchant [1889, 1891]
Hussian, Mihran, dragoman to Russian Consulate [1883, 1885, 1889]
Kaprielian / Kabrielian, Haroutioun, shoemaker [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891]
Khaghakhortian / Kaghaghortian, brothers, merchants [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Kaldjian, Artin, banker [1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Kaldjian, Kievork bey, merchant [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889]
Kaldjian, Var., merchant [1891]
Kalikian, brothers, merchants [1893, 1894, 1896]
Kapamadjian, -, bankers [1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Kapamadjian, brothers, manufacturers [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Kapamadjian, brothers, merchants [1881, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Kapamadjian, Bedros, agent of Imperial Ottoman Bank [1896]
Khadjian, Nishan effendi, dragoman for Persian Consul [1893, 1894]
Khanikian, Garebet, merchant [1893, 1894, 1896]
Khrimian, Miguirditch, Armenian Apostolic Prelate [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891]
Kondadjian [Konderdji], Mig., bookkeeper & accountant, tobacco board [1893, 1894, 1896]
Levonian, -, stationer & bookseller [1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Maroutian effendi, merchant [1889, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Nabboundian, Garabet, merchant [1889]
Nalbandian, Garabet, merchant [1891]
Ohannes, Armenian Apostolic suffragan bishop at Başkale [1881]
Ohannes effendi, merchant [1889, 1891]
Pagr[e]vantian, Der Sahag vartabet, Armenian Orthodox Archbishop [1893, 1894, 1896]
Portucalian, M, stationer & bookseller [1883, 1885, 1889]
Portukalian, Miguirditch, founder & director of the United Armenian Society School / Van Central School [1881, 1883, 1885]
Puzantian, -, stationer & bookseller [1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Santourdjian, Ohannes, merchant [1893, 1894, 1896]
Sapoundji, Agop, merchant [1889]
Sironandjian, Karekin, Armenian Apostolic vicar general [1881]
Takvorian, effendi, chief engineer for Van vilayet [1885, 1889]
Tateos, father, Armenian Apostolic vicar [1891]
Tcherlemezian, M, stationer & bookseller [1883, 1885, 1889]
Tchilingaroff, G, dragoman for Russian Vice-Consul [1893, 1894, 1896]
Terlemezian, Manoug & M, merchants [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891]
Terlemezian, Sahak & brothers, merchants [1893, 1894, 1896]
Terzibachian, Artin effendi, merchant [1889]
Terzibachian, Haroutioun, merchant [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Tokmakian, Markar, manufacturer [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Tutundjian, Manass, merchant [1893, 1894, 1896]
Vartan, Sahag bey, manager of the tobacco board [1893, 1894]
Vartazarian, Mihran, doctor [1881]

The image below shows Van on a British Intelligence Division, War Office map of 1901, based on triangulation and reconnaissance carried out between 1880 and 1900 by various army officers and consular staff.

Van, 1901


Surb Khach, Akhtamar

Surb Khach, Akhtamar


Prominent Armenians in eastern Anatolia vilayets, 1891 (part 4)

This is the fourth part in a series of blog posts extracting entries for Armenian professionals and tradesmen from a French-language trade directory for 1891. Please see the earlier post for background.

This post covers the vilayet of Mamuret-ul-Aziz. The Google Map shows the location of the places in question.

Mamuret-ul-Aziz vilayet

Kharpert (Elazığ)

Adanalioglou, -, merchant
Artin effendi, doctor & male midwife
Aslanian, Mikael, lawyer
Bahtchiranian, Ohannes, barber
Boghossian, A, currency exchange
Chouchanian, Mardiros, currency exchange
Dacho, Gaspar, dealer in leather
Damlayan, Loghomon (Soghomon?), jeweller
Demirdjioglou, Thoros, merchant
Derbaghdassarian, S, druggist
Derbaghdassarian, Serkis, stationer
Djierdjian, O, textiles manufacturer
Elmassian, Ezeguiel, tailor
Ermanian, Astour, merchant
Garabetian, Donabed, currency exchange
Gasparian, Soghomon, goldsmith
Gochediguian, Gapriel, textiles manufacturer
Gulbenkian, Artin, banker
Husnianian, G, Armenian Apostolic vicar
Ipekdjian, K, textiles manufacturer
Ipekdjian, Kircor, manufacturer
Karpoutian, O, currency exchange
Kechichian, Kirkor, textiles manufacturer
Khatchadourian, Eghia, carpenter
Kirkorian, Ohannes, café owner
Kurdjian, Kircor, manufacturer
Kurdjian, Ohannes, shipping agent
Magakian, G, dealer in leather
Meguirditch effendi, pharmacist
Melconian, Capriel, merchant
Minak effendi, doctor
Nekimian, Artine, doctor & male midwife
Papasian, Kirkor, stationer
Sakaian, Andon, Armenian Catholic vicar
Serkis effendi, dentist
Soghuigian, Kirkor, shoemaker
Soguigian, Bagdasar, goldsmith
Souvadjian, Ohannes, currency exchange
Tarakdjian, Diradour, banker
Tcheupian, Zakar, watchmaker
Tchilenguirian, Bal., shoemaker
Tenekdji, Agop agha, agent
Terzian, Kirkor, tailor
Topoussian, Loussik, midwife
Vartanian, Kirkor, Persian Agent-Consul
Zartaridji, Boghos, café owner
Zouloumnian, Gaspard, merchant

Arabkir (Arapgir)

Abahouni, Eznik, Armenian Apostolic bishop
Adjemian, brothers, Aleppo soap merchants
Adjemian, Hadji Artin, cotton merchant
Adjemian, Hadji Bedros, cotton merchant
Adjemian, Bedros, textiles manufacturer
Adjerahian, brothers, carpenters
Aghazarmian, Avedis, dealer in leather
Ahgablygian, Ohannes, shoemaker
Ahidjanian, Mikael, farrier
Apkarian, Garabed, barber
Atchikbachian, brothers, carpenters
Aydjian, brothers, cotton merchants
Aydjian, Melcon, textiles manufacturer
Aydjian, Minas, dealer in oils
Ayras, Ohannes, coppersmith
Baghdassarian, brothers, stonemasons
Bahdjebanian, Kevork, wine & mastic dealer
Caloustdjan, brothers, Aleppo soap merchants
Caloustian, brothers, carpenters
Caloustian, brothers, cotton merchants & textiles manufacturers
Caloustian, brothers, dealers in oils
Cassapian, O, head of the tobacco board
Cavourmadjian, Garabet, founder
Chepiklian, brothers, manufacturers
Chirinian, Sarkis & brothers, farriers
Demirdjian, brothers, tool makers
Der Kaprielian, Kar., pharmacist
Der Minassian, Siragan & son, manufacturers
Derderian, Man., shoemaker
Devedjian, Baghdasar, ironmonger
Dividjian, Minas, druggist
Djandjighian, Garabed, textiles manufacturer
Djandjighian, P, textiles manufacturer
Djavian, brothers, textiles manufacturers
Djigherdjian, Ovaghim, manufacturer
Egarian, brothers, cotton merchants, textiles manufacturers & Aleppo soap merchants
Egavian, brothers, dealers in oils
Egavian, Kircor, agent
Egavian, Ohannes & son, manufacturers
Eghinlyan, Hatchadour, shoemaker
Eramian, brothers, cotton merchants
Eramian, Hadji Avedis, manufacturer
Etmekdjian, Agop, currency exchange
Gueghichian, father & son, cotton merchants
Gueghichian, Hadji Sarkis, manufacturer
Gueghichian, Sar., bookseller
Gueghichian, Sirayan, manufacturer
Gulleserian, Thomas, textiles manufacturer
Habechian, Arakel, watchmaker
Haleplian, Kircor, wine & mastic dealer
Hamalian, Mardiros, textiles manufacturer
Hamanetian, Ar., carpenters
Havloudjian, brothers, textiles manufacturers
Hazighian, Hadji, farrier
Hazighian, Kevork, farrier
Hazighian, S, tool maker
Herbeghian, Hatchadour, dealer in oils & ironmonger
Herbeghian, M & son, tool makers
Herbeghian, Ohannes & son, tool makers
Hidichian, Serkis, tailor
Hovsepian, Arakel, coppersmith
Ighidbachian, Garabet, coppersmith
Imdjighian, Avedis, tailor
Ipekdjian, father & sons, textiles manufacturers
Jamgotchian, Hatchadour, watchmaker
Kaloustian, Arakel & brothers, manufacturers
Karacachian, Ohannes, textiles manufacturer
Kasparian, Kircor, barber
Kazandjian, Bedros, currency exchange
Kazandjian, Hovsep, coppersmith
Kendighian, Bedros, restaurateur
Kendighian, Ohannes, restaurateur
Kezardjian, Hadji Artin, dealer in leather
Kontiguian, Marcar, coppersmith
Kouyoumdjian, Kievork, goldsmith
Kouyoumdjian, Mardiros, goldsmith
Kouyoumdjian, Sarkis, goldsmith
Kureghian, Kuregh, pharmacist
Mampourian, brothers, textiles manufacturers
Matighian, Artin, tailor
Muhalian, Ser., stonemason
Nemechehirlian, Artin, confectioner
Odabachian, brothers, manufacturers
Odabachian, Artin dealer in oils
Ohannessian, Jean, Armenian Catholic vicar
Ovsepian, Boghos, textiles manufacturer
Parnabian, Hatchadour, bookseller
Parnaghian, Hatchadour, manufacturer
Sepiklian, Artin, barber
Sevsacoyan, Simon, textiles manufacturer
Sevsakoyan, Hayrabet & brothers, tool makers
Siradjian, brothers, cotton merchants & manufacturers
Siraganian, -, American Protestant missionary
Soultanian, Miguirditch, clothing merchant
Tachdjian, Serop, carpenter
Tatighian, Garabed, barber
Tchagazbanian, brothers, carpenters
Tchepdjian, Ohannes, cotton merchant, manufacturer & Aleppo soap merchant
Tchiboukdjian, Nigoghos, barber
Teghinian, Artin & brothers, manufacturers
Teirkinian, Hatchadour, clothing merchant
Tevekelian, Boghos, manufacturer
Topalminassian, Boghos, druggist
Toumighian, Mamas, tailor
Touradian, Boghos, farrier
Vartanian, Hadji Mardiros & brothers, dealers in leather
Yazydjian, Mardiros effendi, lawyer
Yeramian, Agop, currency exchange
Yeramian, Ohannes, currency exchange
Zirakian, father & son, Aleppo soap merchants
Zirakian, Arsene, farrier
Zirakian, Garabet & son, manufacturers
Zourighian, Garabet & son, manufacturers

Aghin (Ağın)

Abrahamian, brothers, bakers
Aghayian, N, wine & mastic dealer
Akrakian, Kaspar, haberdasher
Alexanian, Baghdasar, professor of music
Alexanian, Nishan, professor of music
Angragnian, Boghos, tailor
Avakian, A, lawyer
Aymelian, Yordan effendi, town councillor & banker
Ayvadjian, brothers, manufacturers of cottons and silks
Ayvadjian, Ohannes, manufacturer of cottons and silks
Azadian, Himayah, photographer
Azarian, Azaria, manufacturer of cottons and silks
Aznavourian, Aznavour, gunsmith
Baghossian, Kricor, watchmaker
Baltayan, brothers, butchers
Bayindirian, Agop, manufacturer of cottons and silks
Bechirian, Kirkor, cabinet maker
Beguian, Kievork, doctor
Berberian, Manoug, haberdasher
Bechirian, Melcon, furrier
Bostandjian, Nishan, gunsmith
Boyadjian, Soukias, dyer
Calaidjian, brothers, coppersmiths
Calaidjian, Eghia & son, coppersmiths
Calaidjian, Stepan, coppersmith
Caloustian, brothers, butchers
Chahinian, brothers, cotton scarf manufacturers
Couyoumdjian, Cosmos & son, goldsmiths
Couyoumdjian, Kevork & son, manufacturers of cottons and silks
Couyoumdjian, S, tobacconist
Couyoumdjian, Tamik, merchant
Demirdjian, Hadji Agop, blacksmith
Demirdjian, Hadji Kricor, blacksmith
Der Boghossian, brothers, shoemakers
Der Kirkorian, K. effendi, member of the town tribunal
Der Kricorian, Kr., banker
Der Kricorian, Setrak, watchmaker
Der Mathossian, brothers, shoemakers
Der Ohannessian, Khazar, tailor
Der Ohannessian, Kirkor, tailor
Der Stepanian, Ha., shoe manufacturer
Diradourian, Aaron, dyer
Diradourian, Mardiros, locksmith
Diradourian, Thomas, merchant
Djanikian, H, president of the civil council
Djanikian, Nishan, secretary to the Armenian Apostolic archbishop
Donikian, Agop, carpenter
Eskidjian, Kr., banker
Eskidjian, Melkon, dyer
Gulistanian, Melcon, dentist
Hopiguian, Hagop, Armenian Apostolic archbishop
Jamgotchian, Nigoghos, banker
Kaftarian, Agop, locksmith
Kalemdarian, Av., professor of music
Kalendarian, brothers, grocers
Kalendarian, G, dyer
Kalenderian, M & son, shoemakers
Kalendarian, Manoug, tanner
Kalenderian, Miguirditch, banker
Kanarian, Kh. , manufacturer of cottons and silks
Kaprielian, brothers, merchants
Kassabian, Alexan, banker
Kassabian, Nigoghos effendi, overseer of the public debt
Kassapian, Bedros, building materials merchant
Kargheuzian, S, secretary of the civil council
Kebabdjian, brothers, haberdashers
Kelboghossian, Boghos, blacksmith
Kellekdjian, Minas, banker
Ketchian, Hatchadour, shoemaker
Khanarian, G, banker
Khanarian, Stepan, dyer
Khanarian, Meyram., merchant
Kouyoumdjian, Kr., banker
Kupelian, Serkis, tailor
Kurdjian, Ghougas & son, bankers
Kurkdjian, brothers, furriers
Kurkdjian, Ohannes, shoemaker
Madenian, M, shoe manufacturer
Madikian, Hatchadour, banker
Manoukian, Hatchadour, blacksmith
Mazmanian, brothers, cotton scarf manufacturers
Mazmanian, K, shoemaker
Melikian, Avedis, tanner
Melikian, G & son, tanner
Melikian, Kevork, tanner
Melikian, Ohannes, tanner
Minnetian, brothers, tanners
Minoyan, Ghazar, baker
Mouhibian, Ohannes, tinsmith
Movses, effendi, town cashier
Nadjarian, brothers, carpenters
Nadjarian, Ghazar, carpenter
Nadjarian, Gozmos, carpenter
Nadjarian, Kricor, cabinet maker
Narfian, S & son, bankers
Narlian, Mikael, money changer
Narlian, S, town councillor
Nedirian, brothers, furriers
Nedirian, Artin, furrier
Nedirian, Soukias, furrier
Nedirian, Stepan, furrier
Nigoghos, Armenian Apostolic vicar
Oghigian, Agop, baker
Osguihanian, N, tobacconist
Oskihanian, brothers, haberdashers
Palouyan, Melkon, manufacturer of cottons and silks
Parseghian, Ohannes, haberdasher
Parvazian, Serkis, secretary to the provincial council
Periguian, Stepan, locksmith
Reyissian, brothers, bankers
Roumian, Hovnan, money changer
Sarian, K, president of the provincial council
Sayian, Nishan, goldsmith
Sayian, Nishan, professor of music
Sirayan, Toros, cotton scarf manufacturer
Surmeyan, Kirkor, wine & mastic dealer
Tamourian, Mardiros, furrier
Tchanguian, Boghos, shoe manufacturer
Tchilinguirian, K, locksmith
Tchilinguirian, S, locksmith
Tchilinguirian, S, shoe manufacturer
Tchinidjian, Nishan, tinsmith
Tchitdjian, brothers, cotton scarf manufacturers
Tchitdjian, Artin, cotton scarf manufacturer
Tcholakian, Asdvadzadour, blacksmith
Tchorian, Alexan, money changer & merchant
Tertzakian, Azaria, professor of Armenian & French
Terzian, Agop, pharmacist
Torikian, Nigoghos, watchmaker
Torossian, Farkhouzad, carpenter
Torossian, Hatchadour, baker
Totvayan, Parsegh, lawyer
Totvayian, B, clerk at the tobacco board
Totvayian, Markar, mechanic
Totvayian, Nigoghos, professor of Turkish, French & English
Totvayian, Ohannes, tobacconist
Tutundjian, Nigoghos, manufacturer of cottons and silks
Vaniguian, K, manufacturer of cottons and silks
Vartabedian, Mig., banker
Vartian, Stepan, pharmacist
Yaridjanian, brothers, merchants
Yaridjanian, Garabed, merchant
Zinzalian, Hovsep, cotton scarf manufacturer
Zinzalian, Bedros, dyer

Khozat (Hozat)

Aharounian, Astour, merchant
Moumdjian, Agop agha, merchant
Sarafian, Kevork, tailor

Chmshkatsag (Çemişgezek)

Adjemian, Mig., agent
Avedis, money changer
Kivutchousian, Serkis, merchant
Nissan effendi, pharmacist
Ohannes effendi, ironmonger
Serkis agha, goldsmith


Prominent Armenians in eastern Anatolia vilayets, 1891 (part 3)

This is the third part in a series of blog posts extracting entries for Armenian professionals and tradesmen from a French-language trade directory for 1891. Please see the earlier post for background.

This post covers the vilayet of Ezurum. The Google Map shows the location of the places in question.

Erzurum vilayet

Karin (Erzurum)

Abadjian, Hatchadour, fabrics
Abadjian, Kircor, money changer
Achedjian, Mariam, milliner
Aghababian, Haroutioun, founder
Aghadjanian, Ohannes, manufacturer
Agopdjanian, Martig, goldsmith
Aidjian, Serkis, lawyer
Albertian, D, bootmaker
Alpertian, Tateos, furrier
Aramian, Agop, builder
Aslanian, -, doctor
Avedissian, Abraham, stove-maker
Baboyan, Mig., goldsmith
Bachemakdjian, A, tinsmith
Baghdassarian, M, coppersmith
Baiendrian, Ohannes, manufacturer
Balassanian, Ohannes, merchant
Ballarian, Garabet, merchant
Ballarian, Garabet, president of the provincial assembly
Ballarian, brothers, bankers
Baltadjian, M, tailor
Baltadjian, N, tailor
Berber Hatcho, barber
Boghossian, A, builder
Boghossian, Alexandre, dentist
Chabanian, K effendi, director of the public debt
Chagoian, N, butcher
Chahanian, Avedis, watchmaker
Chahanian, Har., carpenter
Chamlian, Mardiros, furrier
Condagdjian, -, manufacturer
Couyoumdjibachian, Agop, stove-maker
Der Azarian, brothers, manufacturers
Der Melkissetian, Ohannes, merchant
Dicranian, Agop, dealer in leathers and skins
Dikran effendi, photographer
Dikranian, Agop, hardware
Dikranian, Antranik, hardware
Dilberian, G, furrier
Djaghdjian, Agop, pharmacist
Djaraguian, B, manufacturer
Djermaghian, brothers, merchants
Djermaguian, A, tailor
Djivanian, brothers, hardware
Djoroughian, A, manufacturer
Dondonian, Archag, milliner
Doumanian, Garabet, goldsmith
Duzian, Kirkor, founder
Elfazian, S, hardware
Erganian, A, manufacturer
Erganian, Antranik, money changer
Fermanian, brothers, manufacturers
Ghervant, Armenian Apostolic archbishop at Derjan/Terjan (Tercan)
Ghevonthtin, Armenian Apostolic archbishop at Khnus (Hınıs)
Gundjian, Khatchadour, goldsmith
Hadji Meguirditch, barber
Hagopian, Kirkor & son, gunsmiths
Hamamdjian, A, lawyer
Hamparian, brothers, founders
Hanessian, Tateos, banker
Harouthiounian, K, goldsmith
Hazarabediantz, Capt. E, secretary to the Russian Consul
Hekimian, Har., pharmacist
Hekimian, Mikayel effendi, dragoman
Hekimian, Pascal, director of the tobacco control board
Huradjian, -, watchmaker
Ighidanian, Ag., bootmaker
Illeyan, H, coppersmith
Indjidjian, -, bootmaker
Indjidjian, brothers, hardware
Israelian, Israel, gunsmith
Jamgotchian, Ohannes, coppersmith
Kaitandjian, Agop & Missak, hardware
Kaitandjian, M, manufacturer
Kaitandjian, Ohannes, manufacturer
Kaitandjian, Ohannes & son, merchants
Kavafian, Mardiros, local government cashier
Ketchounian, Garabet, Armenian Catholic bishop
Kevorkian, Ohannes, coppersmith in rue Kazandjilar
Khanamirian, Garabet, money changer
Khatchiguian, brothers, hardware
Khepeian, H, manufacturer
Kievorkan, Har., fabrics
Mangassarian, M, manufacturer
Manoukian, Mikael, lithographer
Manoussadjian, P, fabrics
Mardirossian, Serkis, coppersmith
Mardoyan, Garabet, furrier
Mehrian, Dicran, soapmaker
Mikaelian, G, gunsmith
Missirian, G, dealer in leathers and skins
Missirian, Har., manufacturer
Missirian, K, elementary school teacher
Missirlian, A, tailor
Mondji, Kaspar, butcher
Mouradian, H, coppersmith
Nerses, Armenian Apostolic archbishop at Sper (İspir)
Nersessian, Kirkor, tailor
Nigoghossian, A & brothers, gunsmiths
Odabachian, Krikor, photographer
Ohanessian, Kerope, founder
Onnig bey, builder
Ouzounian, Agop, pharmacist
Pambouguian, K, jeweller
Pambouguian, M, jeweller
Pamboukdjian, Alexan, hardware
Pamboukdjian, S, hardware
Papazian, Gabriel, lawyer
Pasdermadjian, Setrak effendi, chief accountant of tobacco control board
Sahatdian, brothers, jewellers
Sahatdjian, brothers, dealers in leathers and skins
Sahatdjian, brothers, merchants
Sahatdjian, Alexan, watchmaker
Sahatdjian, Hat. , watchmaker
Sanassarian, M, Armenian Catholic secondary school teacher
Seferian, Serkis, manufacturer
Serabian, Arsene, dragoman to the Russian Consul
Serope effendi, builder
Seropian, Andonig, lawyer
Sirabian, Ohannes, dragoman to the French Vice-Consul
Tachdjian, Sarkis, translator to the Russian Consul
Tajoian, brothers, tailors
Tanderdjian, brothers, dentists
Tchamachourian, M, carpenter
Tchilinguirian, -, director of the Arznian secondary school, Grande Rue de l’Église
Tchitdjian, brothers, manufacturers
Terempian, V, manufacturer
Timotheos, Armenian Apostolic archbishop at Pasen (Pasinler)
Toumassian, Mesrop, Armenian Apostolic archbishop at Keghi (Kiğı)
Vahamian, Nerses, president of the Armenian Apostolic religious council
Vartanian, A & son, manufacturers
Vassilian, Senekerim, money lender
Vemian, Avedis, gunsmith
Vemian, K, gunsmith
Yazidjian, Ohannes, goldsmith
Yuzukdjian, Serafim, engineer
Yuzukdjian, Serope, builder
Zakarian, Bedros, tinsmith

Yerznka (Erzincan)

Achekian, L, supplier to the army
Achekian, brothers, manufacturers
Aghayeguian, Avedis, locksmith
Aghayeguian, Avedis, toolmaker
Asdourian, Mihran, money changer
Avakian, Kircor, scarf manufacturer
Avekian, brothers Hatchadour & Israel, carpenters
Badiguian, brothers, farmers
Balyan, Parsegh, supplier to the army
Bagrdjian, R, vicar
Basmadjian, S, money changer
Bozardjian, Dakes, bootmaker
Der Melkonian, M, lawyer
Der Mouchegian, K, carpenter
Der Moucheghin, D, builder
Der Moucheghin, Kircor, gunsmith
Der Stepanian, S, merchant
Der Varjabedian, H, ironmonger
Ehramdjian, Ohannes, ironmonger
Ehramdjian, V, manufacturer
Ghazarossian, Capriel, supplier to the army
Ghazarossian, Capriel, merchant
Hogroghian, W, towel manufacturer
Ipekdjian, Haroutioun, bootmaker
Kalfayan, Hair., money changer
Kantchanian, S, towel manufacturer
Karabaghli, Haroutioun, goldsmith
Karayan, brothers, merchants
Katchian, Nishan, merchant
Kazandjian, Artin, lawyer
Kazandjian, H, scarf manufacturer
Khatchadourian, brothers, manufacturers
Kocheyan, Mar., café owner
Kouyoumdjian, Agop, tailor
Kouyoumdjian, Ghazar, goldsmith
Kouyoumdjian, Nishan, goldsmith
Lepian, brothers, manufacturers & merchants
Luledjian, C, president of the local assembly
Manachian, Serkis, merchant
Mechgoyan, brothers, farmers
Metsadourian, Meg., watchmaker
Mikaelian, Avedis, watchmaker
Mitchiguian, brothers, ironmongers
Morsiguinian, L, towel manufacturer
Norsighian, Mich., builder
Norsiguian, M, carpenter
Oghlouyan, O, towel manufacturer
Pachayan, M Ph., director of state tobacco
Papazian, Ovannes & Tatheos, painters
Piloyan, Ghougas, café owner
Piloyan, Ohannes, tailor
Pirziguian, brothers, farmers
Sahaguian, Hatchadour, ironmonger
Santiguian, K, bootmaker
Sarkis, R, president of the religious council
Sepian, H, president of the civil council
Serian, brothers, manufacturers
Seyissian, H, scarf manufacturer
Sirabian, brothers, ironmongers
Souldourian, Toros, locksmith
Soussiguian, Kievork, tailor
Surmenyan, brothers, money changers
Tanielian, Djivan & brothers, suppliers to the army
Tatian, G, towel manufacturer
Tavtiguian, Dert., café owner
Tchatanian, G, locksmith
Terzian, Kricor, bootmaker
Thogurian, brothers, manufacturers
Tirakian, Avedis, tailor
Torossian, brothers, manufacturers
Torossian, M, merchant
Vartabedian, brothers, merchants

Bayazit (Doğubayazıt)

Kirmogian, Ohannes, merchant
Manoughian, Ser., merchant
Ohannes, holder of the Armenian Archbishopric
Tanielian, Markar, merchant
Tchetdjian, Hatchadour, merchant




Prominent Armenians in eastern Anatolia vilayets, 1891 (part 2)

This blog post is a continuation of an earlier post containing entries for Armenian professionals and tradesmen extracted from a French-language trade directory for the year 1891. Please see the earlier post for background.

The caveat emptor that other Eastern Christians (such as Chaldeans and Syriacs) may have slipped in among the intended Armenians is particularly pertinent for this second post, which covers the vilayet of Diyarbakır. The Google Map shows the location of the places in question.

Thomas Boyadjian, named in the Diyarbakır listing as the British Vice-Consul, died at some date between December 1894 and June 1896, during the Hamidian massacres in Diyarbakır. His widow Eliza Ann née Rogers (1846-1923) and two children Isabella (Zabelle) Catherine (1873-1957) and Henry Samuel Rogers Boyagian (1875-1947) moved to England in 1896. Their Armenian surname was rendered variously as Boyadjian, Boyagian and Boyajian in English.


Diarbekir vilayet

Dikranagerd (Diyarbakır)

Abdalian, Nerses, manufacturer
Abidian, Yahcop, builder
Adamian, -, carpenter
Adjamian, Boghos, merchant
Adjamian, O, carpenter
Aludjian, Garabet, coppersmith
Alyanak, Thomas, merchant
Amassian effendi, head of international postal and telegram service
Asadourian, Hah., coppersmith
Ashitchian, Garabet, coppersmith
Asori, Agop, coppersmith
Atarian, B, bootmaker
Baboyan, Iaukhman, coppersmith
Baboyan, Thomas, tailor
Baghdasarian, Mardiros, bootmaker
Bakalian, Hovsep, jeweller
Basmadjian, A, bootmaker
Bedrossian, Garabet, builder
Bedrossian, Ohannes, builder
Berberian, Bedros, glassmaker
Berberian, Thomas, bootmaker
Beuredjian, V, agent of the tobacco board
Boghos effendi, lawyer
Boghossian, Daniel, builder
Boulutian, Thomas, leather manufacturer
Boyadjian, H, merchant
Boyadjian, Melcon, merchant
Boyadjian, Ohannes, merchant
Boyadjian, Thomas, British Vice-Consul for Kurdistan (vilayets of Diarbekir, Erzeroum & Van)
Boyajian, G, dentist
Bundukian, Hovsep, pharmacist
Calustian, Egh., barber
Cazezian, Houssep & Djabour, merchants
Chakalian, Bedros, tailor
Changalian, Boghos, goldsmith
Chekerledmedjian, H, glassmaker
Chirigdjian, D, glassmaker
Chouboukdjian, Bedros effendi, city doctor
Chouldjian, Thomas, carpenter
Chuldjian, Sar., coppersmith
Couyoumdjian, Agop, merchant
Couyoumdjian, Garabet, watchmaker
Couyoumdjian, Mig., watchmaker
Dabaghian, B, bootmaker
Dashtchian, Hovsep, manufacturer
Dashtchian, Ohannes, manufacturer
Delalian, Miguirditch, manufacturer
Derderian, Agop, barber
Derderian, Thomas, bootmaker
Devedjian, Ohannes, tailor
Dicranian, -, glassmaker
Dilberian, Kevork, leather manufacturer
Djerahian, Guiragos, tailor
Djizmedjian, Thomas, tailor
Djkhsetsi, Ohannes, goldsmith
Donjian, Dikran, watchmaker
Doshoyan, Garabet, leather manufacturer
Doujian, Boghos, jeweller
Doujian, M, jeweller
Eeriklian, Ohannes, barber
Faldjian, Kirkor, watchmaker
Ferakian, Oussep, priest of Armenian Catholic Church
Fouroundjian, Giragos , carpenter
Fouroundjian, Ishah, leather manufacturer
Futnian, Hosvep, coppersmith
Garabedian, Agop, builder
Garabedian, D, carpenter
Garabedian, Eva, milliner & dressmaker
Garabedian, S, leather manufacturer
Garge, Agop, carpenter
Guiragos effendi, lawyer
Hagopian, M, tobacco manufacturer
Hakiamian, Giragos & M, carpenters
Hakian, Ohannes, pharmacist
Hakian, T, pharmacist
Hakimian, N, money changer
Halubian, Boghos, bootmaker
Hannayan, Garabed, carpenter
Hanoushian, Y, builder
Hekimian, Hovsep, bootmaker
Helvadjian, G, bootmaker
Helvadjian, Ohannes, coppersmith
Hurmzian, Hanna, glassmaker
Ihrban, Sarkis, carpenter
Ilbanian, Ohannes, merchant
Kahvedjian, Ohannes, watchmaker
Kal, Aroush, tailor
Kalfaian, O, goldsmith
Kalusdian, Erm., coppersmith
Kasabian, B, manufacturer
Kasparian, Agop, watchmaker
Kasparian, Asdvadzadur, builder
Kechichian, Agop, tailor
Kechichian, Mikail & Naoum, merchants
Keshishian, K, money changer
Keshishian, O & B, manufacturers
Khachadourian, Stepan, builder
Khalfa, Agop, carpenter
Khalfaian, Agop, builder
Khandanian, Bedros, merchant
Khdershian, E & G, manufacturers
Khunadjian, G, goldsmith
Kilidjian, Mardiros, pharmacist
Kior Eghoyan, Boghos, grocer
Kiradjian, Kevork, tailor
Kirkorian, Garabet, coppersmith
Kostian, Hovsep, tailor
Kumrahi, Agop, tobacco manufacturer
Kurkdjian, Boulus, money changer
Kurkdjian, Pet. , pharmacist
Kurk-Keseli, Kircor, wine merchant
Lagiagian, B, leather manufacturer
Laglagian, Erm., carpenter
Lalo, Boghos, grocer
Luladjian, Naoum, money changer
Mandaldjian, T, merchant
Mangassarian, B, merchant
Mangoushian, A, goldsmith
Manilian, G, money changer
Manoukian, A, builder
Mildusian, A, goldsmith
Minassian, M, manufacturer
Minassian, Ohannes, merchant
Minassian, Tom., manufacturer
Mouradian, A, pharmacist
Mouradian, David, goldsmith
Mouradian, Sarkis, merchant
Murdjan, Hovsep, tailor
Nakashian, O, bootmaker
Palandjian, G & H, leather manufacturers
Palazian, H, bootmaker
Paluli, Giragos, carpenter
Paluli, Tatos, merchant
Palulian, Ohannes, bootmaker
Papasian, Agop, barber
Papasian, Ohannes, tailor
Papazian, Habib, glassmaker
Papazian, Ohannes, priest of Armenian Apostolic Church
Pardakhdjian, K, leather manufacturer
Parsekian, Agop, carpenter
Paushmanian, Thomas, coppersmith
Pirindjian, Garabed, doctor
Prindjian, E, goldsmith
Puchmanian, Haroutioun, merchant
Rahanian, Kirkor, tailor
Rumian, B, bootmaker
Rusiatsi, Garabed, bootmaker
Saboundjian, Ohannes, glassmaker
Sahaghian, Kaspar, builder
Samoyan, Bedros, money changer
Samoyan, Ohannes, wine merchant
Sarkisian, Mardik, barber
Sasounli, Kirkor, grocer
Sayrakian, Btrus, glassmaker
Shirikdjian, A, merchant
Silivanian, K, coppersmith
Simsarian, Agop, watchmaker
Simsarian, Ghiragos, merchant
Stepanian, M, goldsmith
Tachdjian, Thomas, consular agent for Persia
Tashtchian, Thomas, merchant
Tatarian, T, pharmacist
Tchouldjian, Ohannes, barber
Tehradjian, S, merchant
Terfandjian, Migrditch, merchant
Tokhadjian, Garabed, leather manufacturer
Tomasian, Giragos, builder
Tomasian, H, barber
Tomassian, Hovhanes, leather manufacturer
Topouzian, Egh. , leather manufacturer
Toprahanian, Garabed, manufacturer
Toufangdjian, Rafo, grocer
Uvaz, Ohannes, grocer
Yocoubian, I, leather manufacturer


Amborian, Raphael, porcelain & glassmaker
Arguenlian, Krikor, watchmaker
Aroytian, Toros, manufacturer
Der Sahakoglou, Bedros, town pharmacist
Elvanian, Ohannes, draper
Garabetian, Raphael, founder
Garabetian, Sarkis, manufacturer
Karpoutli, Garabet, watchmaker
Kenderian, Elias, porcelain & glassmaker
Konduradjian, Hanna, shoemaker
Mehanadjian, D, wine seller
Melcon, Armenian Catholic Archbishop

Ergani (Arghni)

Aizounberberoglou, Meg., barber
Alexanian, Bedros, copper mine operator
Alexanian, Garabet, pharmacist
Attarian, Kevork, apothecary
Boulboulian, Sarkis, merchant
Der Samuelian, -, tailor
Donabedian, H, copper mine operator
Garabet, Alexan, apothecary
Karpoutli, Capriel, shoemaker
Karpoutli, Mateos, shoemaker
Karpoutli, Meg., shoemaker
Karpoutli, Minas, shoemaker
Kazarossian, A, toolmaker
Keirkan, Boghos, tailor
Madenli, Avedis, barber
Madenli, Kevork, barber
Madenli, Melcon, jeweller
Mouradian, Garabet, copper mine operator
Mouradoglu, Garabet, founder
Santourdjian, A, merchant
Sarragian, M, copper mine operator




Prominent Armenians in eastern Anatolia vilayets, 1891 (part 1)

The entries for Armenian professionals and tradesmen have been extracted from a French-language trade directory for the year 1891. The sections for eastern Anatolia are arranged by vilayet and, within that, by town. Only certain cities and towns are included in the directory, with a focus especially on those with a pronounced Western commercial interest (as opposed, for example, to market towns with a primarily local or provincial catchment) and therefore on those which are producing or marketing goods for export. This explains, for instance, the inclusion of the relatively modestly sized settlement of Ergani (Arghni): it had a major copper-mining industry.

French orthography may produce renderings of surnames different from those in English (e.g. Ch- and Tch- where English would might use Sh- and Ch- respectively). However, it is quite probable that the spellings of Armenian names adapted to French orthography would be those carried into diaspora by descendants in North America as well as France. The Turkic patronymic suffix -oğlu would, of course, most probably be dropped in diaspora and -ian or -yan used in lieu.

There are some compositorial errors in the original directory. Obvious errors have been corrected silently. However, where the correction is not self-evident, the original text has been retained.

Names in the extracts are ordered A-Z according to the Latin alphabet used in English. In the original text they are arranged by occupation.

Unfortunately, the directory often gives an initial instead of a forename, and of course in those instances the actual forename may be one of two or more commencing with that initial. For example, while the initial O will nearly always be for Ohannes (or a hypocoristic such as Onnik), initials such as A and K could stand for a number of personal names.

Only those names which are clearly Armenian, or very probably Armenian, have been extracted. It is recognised that, for some places, such as Ergani (Arghni) and Dikranagerd (Diyarbakır), a number of other Eastern Christians (such as Chaldeans and Syriacs) may have slipped in to the lists inadvertently. It is also possible that some Persians appear in the lists, although equally it is not inconceivable that some Armenians from Persia might have borne seemingly Persian names.

Occupations are approximate translations from the French originals. Therefore, although the French “orfèvre” is here translated as goldsmith, an individual so described might possibly have been a silversmith or a worker in various precious metals.

Given the length of some of the lists, they will be split over several blogs, by vilayet. This first post covers the two vilayets of Bitlis and Van. The Google Map shows the location of the places in question.

Bitlis vilayet

Baghesh (Bitlis)

Aspadourian, Garabet, money changer
Bacalian, Hatchadur, manufacturer
Bacalian, Simon & brothers, merchants
Basmadjian, Khatchmanoug, merchant
Bechirian, Murad, manufacturer
Checkhoyan, Gh., toolmaker
Choghiguian, Mourad, clothier
Dabaghian, Panos, tanner
Ghuiragossian, Kh., toolmaker
Kaprielian, O, clothier
Kardiguian, Mig., tailor
Kenderian, Krikor & brothers, merchants
Khantcherian, Ohannes, goldsmith
Khatcherian, Ohannes, manufacturer
Khatchmanouguian, Av., banker
Kirmoyan, Aghad., clothier
Kirmoyan, Gaspar, tanner
Kurklian, Mardiros, dyer
Lopoyan, Krikor, tailor
Mateossian, Ohannes, dyer
Mikhtchian, Ga., merchant
Ohannessian, K, tailor
Ozoyan, Krikor & brothers, merchants
Parighian, S, toolmaker
Pariguian, Sefer., clothier
Pegoyian, A, dyer
Sahradian, R Movses, builder
Sarkissian, O, money changer
Soghomonian, Av, coppersmith
Tchoharian, Stepan, director of Armenian Catholic School
Vosghertchian, S, goldsmith

Sgerd (Siirt)

Abrahamian, Mourad, merchant & importer
Gharibian, Boghos, shoemaker
Malkian, Movses, toolmaker
Ohannes, Bishop
Panossian, Movses, grain merchant

Mush (Muş)

Adeyan, Manouk, stove-maker
Aghadjanian, M, banker
Badeyan, Assadour, baker
Badouhassian, Boghos, merchant
Balian, Agop, merchant
Bedrossian, Malk. M, merchant
Bedrossian Makhdessi, S, tailor
Boleyan, Stepan, merchant
Cantarian, Ohannes, bootmaker
Demirdjian, Ohannes, gunsmith
Der Mihitarian, Av., merchant
Djirtyan, Sahag, stove-maker
Donkikian, Boghos, tailor
Eguinian, Artin, watchmaker
Gakhiloukian, Ohannes, merchant
Ghazar, Varbed, gunsmith
Guirintchoyan, Manouk, banker
Hadji, Bedros, gunsmith
Kirounkian, Aghadjan, bootmaker
Loutfian, S, bootmaker
Markarian, Manouk, watchmaker
Midjandjian, B, merchant
Milletbachian, Nigoghos, lawyer
Minassian, Math., tobacco producer
Nalbandian, B, merchant
Poupoyan, M, tailor
Sifreyan, Gaspar, gunsmith
Sudjian, Bedros, lawyer
Varteb, Artine, baker

Van vilayet


Alemian, Aslan, banker
Babiguian, brothers, merchants
Bartevian, Artin, tanner
Chahbinderian, Margos, merchant
Chirvanian, Nishan, dragoman for British Vice-Consul
Der Ohannessian, Kirkor, merchant
Eremian, O, merchant
Fadjian, Var., merchant
Kabrielian, Haroutioun, shoemaker
Kaghaghortian, brothers, merchants
Kaldjian, Artin, banker
Kaldjian, Var., merchant
Kapamadjian, -, bankers
Kapamadjian, brothers, manufacturers
Kapamadjian, brothers, merchants
Khrimian, Mkrtich, Armenian Apostolic Prelate
Levonian, -, stationer & bookseller
Maroutian effendi, merchant
Nalbandian, Garabet, merchant
Ohannes effendi, merchant
Puzantian, -, stationer & bookseller
Tateos, father, Armenian Apostolic vicar
Terzibachian, Haroutioun, merchant
Terlemezian, Manoug & M, merchants
Tokmakian, Markar, manufacturer



Sites associated with the Sufi saint Sari Saltik Baba

The C13th Bektashi Sufi saint is venerated in several places in the Balkans, as well as Anatolia.

Both Muslims and Christians come to the sites in the Balkans, where he is sometimes identified with a Christian saint such as St Naum and especially St Nicholas. One feature of the shrines is that non-orthodox acts of devotion take place, such as tying strips of cloth to trees and making votive offerings during prayer.

Tradition holds that Sari Saltik Baba asked that, when he died, his body be washed and seven coffins prepared, in each of which his body would appear. More than seven sites with a claim are shown on the Google Map.


Armenian Kayseri, 1872

The 1872 defter, or taxation schedule, from Kayseri in Turkey (Gesaria or Kesaria in Armenian) is arranged by mahalle and, within that, by street. The taxpaying householders in each street are then listed. There were 8,119 taxpaying households in total in Kayseri in 1872.

At that date, Kayseri had a total of 108 recognised mahalleler or neighbourhoods, comprising between 16 and 352 households each, with the mean being 75 homes. 67 neighbourhoods were exclusively Turkish, 25 were Armenian, two were Kurdish and one was Greek. However, Greeks and Armenians lived together in some Christian quarters and there were seven neighbourhoods with a mixed Armenian/Turkish population.

The original archival material is in Osmanlı Turkish, written using a modified Arabic alphabet, and has been transliterated and transcribed into modern Turkish, which of course uses the Latin alphabet. One needs to understand the pronunciation of certain Turkish letters to be able to match them with the approximately corresponding letters used in English to spell Armenian names in transliteration. For example, the Turkish letter c may be the equivalent of j or dj, and ç and ş represent the sounds ch (or tch) and sh respectively.

Armenian and Greek personal names are rendered in Turkish style, using the suffix -oğlu to indicate “son of”, rather than an Armenian or Greek surname ending. The entries are terse and it is not always clear whether a surname has already been assumed by a family or, contrarily, a simple system of patronymics is still in use – for example, in the case of entries in the format “Manük oğlu Serkis”, it is not certain whether the individual in question is Sarkis Manoukian, or simply a Sarkis son of Manouk with no settled surname (or with a surname not recorded). Contrarily, when the entry is in the format “Demiroğlu Karabet”, it seems clear that the man’s name is Karabet (or Garabed) Demirian.

It is worth noting that the Armenians of Kayseri were native Turkish speakers.

I began by looking for surnames I knew from previous research to be associated with the town and/or sanjak of Kayseri. I was able to find only about one quarter of these. Either the other names were not from Kayseri itself but an outlying town or village, or they had not been taken by 1872 (which seems less likely).

Some of the names in the defter are simple to match to modern Armenian names, for example:

  • Arzuman oğlu Parsıh = Parsegh Arzumanian or Arzoumanian
  • Beyleroğlu Mardiros = Mardiros Beylerian
  • Erkiletlioğlu Karabet = Karabet Erkiletlian
  • Gürünlüoğlu Kesbar ve Avidis = (brothers) Kasbar and Avedis Gurunlian (or Gourounlian)
  • Kalaycıoğlu Mardiros = Mardiros Kalaydjian
  • Keşişoğlu Kalus = Kaloust Keshishian
  • Minasoğlu Hacı Agop = Agop Minasian
  • Odabaşıoğlu Agop = Agop Odabashian
  • Şahinoğlu Karabet = Karabet Shahinian
  • Seferoğlu Parsıh ve Artin = (brothers) Parsegh and Artin Seferian
  • Taşçıoğlu Ohanes = Ohanes Tashjian

Other names are less confident matches:

  • Acemoğlu Karabet = Karabet Ajemian
  • Dökmecioğlu Agop = Agop Deukmejian

The records mainly involve heads of household, as the taxpayers, and these are usually men – however, there are some women, perhaps mostly widows or women who had inherited property or had established a charitable trust (vakif).

Below are details of the Fırıncı mahallesi. Its name means simply “bakers’ neighbourhood” and it was a small, entirely Armenian quarter of the town, comprising just five streets with 23 taxpaying households, of which 21 are named in the defter. These households are shown in the table below.

street householder interpretation
Hamame Sokağı Kırnıkoğlu Hacı Karabet Karabet Kirnikian
Hamame Sokağı Mardinoğlu Karabet Karabet Mardinian
Hamame Sokağı Kazancıoğlu Hacı Agop Agop Kazandjian
Hamame Sokağı Acıroğlu Artın Artin Adjirian
Kazancı Sokağı Kazancıoğlu Murat Murat Kazandjian
Muytab Sokağı Ağlağanoğlu Hacı Agop Agop Aghlaghanian
Muytab Sokağı Keşişin oğlu kızı Meryem Miss Mariam Keshishian
Muytab Sokağı Köseoğlu kuyumcu Hacı Parsıh goldsmith Parsegh Keseian
Muytab Sokağı Külhancıoğlu Bedirus Bedros Kulhandjian
Muytab Sokağı Acıroğlu Keyfuruk Kevork Adjirian
Muytab Sokağı Çoduloğlu Agop Agop Tchodulian
Muytab Sokağı Ohanes oğlu Parsıh Parsegh Ohanesian, or Parsegh son of Ohanes
Muytab Sokağı Sade Agop oğlu Artin simple Artin Agopian, or Artin son of Agop
Gümüşoğlu Sokağı Berber Ohanes Ohanes Berber, or Ohanes the barber
Güllük Sokağı Abacıoğlu zevcesi Ehsabet Mrs Yeghsabet Abadjian
Güllük Sokağı Güllükoğlu Bedirus Bedros Kullukian or Koulloukian
Güllük Sokağı Üskü oğlu Karabet Karabet Ouskouian
Güllük Sokağı Güllükoğlu kızı Meryem Miss Maryam Kullukian or Koulloukian
Güllük Sokağı Çulha Muratoğlu Mığırdıç weaver Mgrdich Muratian
Güllük Sokağı Ağacanoğlu şekerci Artin confectioner Artin Aghadjanian
Güllük Sokağı Hızarcı Manikoğlu Karabet sawyer Karabet Manikian


Some thoughts on these householders:

  • Two of the streets appear to be named after the principal family in residence – the Kazandjian household in Kazancı Sokağı and the Kullukian or Koulloukian household in Güllük Sokağı (“roses street”).
  • The occupations of four of the householders are given – goldsmith, weaver, confectioner, sawyer. A fifth man – Ohanes, the sole taxpaying resident in Gümüşoğlu Sokağı – is either a barber or bears the surname Berber or Berberian – the original record does not make it clear. Given the name of this mahalle, one would assume that at least one of the men without a given occupation was a baker.
  • Three out of the 21 are women – two described as daughters (kızı in Turkish) and one as a wife (zevcesi), and presumably are respectively spinsters and a widow.
  • Four of the male householders have their forename prefixed with Hacı (Hadji), which would normally indicate that they had performed the pilgrimage to the Holy Land.


The Google Map shows the Armenian settlements in the Kayseri province of the Ottoman Empire before the 1915 Genocide.



This article and map are versions of originals which were published by in 2013/2014.

Turkish names of Armenian villages in Kars province

The place name concordance below shows the Armenian settlements of Kars oblast (province) of the period 1900s/1910s, taken from late Imperial Russian gazetteers. It is designed to help Armenian family historians to locate their ancestral villages, and should be read in conjunction with the Google Map showing the same Armenian settlements under their current Turkish names.

The table gives a) the names as transliterated from the Russian Cyrillic in Imperial Russian official publications, b) their Armenian names in standard transliteration and c) their modern Turkish names.

All errors are the blogger’s own. Additions and corrections are welcomed.


Russian name Armenian name Modern Turkish name
Kars Kars Kars
Zaim Zayim Harmanlı
Matsra Mazra Mezra
Dahskovo Dashkov Yalinkaya
Bulanikh Bulangh Bulanık
Kani-Key Ghani Gelirli
Karakala Karakala Merkezkarakale (Karakale)
Chermali Chermali Çerme
Berna Berna Koyunyurdu
Khas-Chiftlik Khas-Chiftlik Hasçiftlik
Gyarmali Gyarmali Kaynarlı
Giudali Gyodali Güdeli
Karakhach Garaghach Başkaya
Sogiutli-Abad Abat-Sogyutli Atayurdu
Chigirgyan Chghrdan Çığırgan
Khapanli Ghapanli Hapanlı
Bozgala Bozgala Bozkale
Begli-Akhmed Beghli-Ahmed Benliahmet
Orta-Kilisa Ortakilisa Ortalar
Kizil-Chakhchakh Kzil-Chaghchagh Akyaka (Garmirçağatsk)
Uzunkilisa Uzunkilisa Esenyayla
Aguzum Aghuzum Küçükaküzüm
Pirvali Pirvali Büyükpirveli (Eski Pirveli)
Odzhakh-Kuli Ojakh-Ghuli n/a (in Armenia)
Kiuruk-Dara Ghyurakdara, Gyurakdara Kürekdere
Paldirvan Paldrvan Duraklı
Parget (Bolshoy) Metz Parkit Büyükçatma
Bash-Shuragel Bash-Shoragyal Şetindurak
Tikhnis-Stariy Hin Tegniz Kalkankale
Tikhnis-Noviy Nor Tegniz Kalkankale
Ashaga-Kadiklyar Nerkin Gyadiklar Ayakgedikler
Bayrakhtar Bayraktar Bayraktar
Gamzakyarak Ghamzakyarak Hamzagerek
Gerkhana Gorghana Eşmeyazı
Araz-Ogli Arazi Arazoğlu
Dzhala Jala Esenkent
Adzham-Mavrak Acham Mavrak, Ajam-Mavrag Bekler
Karmirk-Vank Karmir Vank Yağıkesen
Koshevank Khoshavank n/a (in Armenia)
Kuyudzhuk Ghuyujugh Kuyucuk
Tazakent Tazakend Tazekent
Bash-Kadiklyar Bash Gyadiklar Başgedikler
Oguzli   Oğuzlu
Orta-Kadiklyar Orta Gyadiklar Ortagedikler
Agdzhakala Aghjaghala Akçakale
Kyadik-Satilmish Gyadik-Satlmish Gediksatilmiş
Parget (Maliy) Pokr Parkit Küçükçatma
Dolbant Dolbandlu Dölbentli
Baykara Bayghara Baykara
Bayburt Bayburt, Paypert Bayburt
Ortakala Ortaghala Ortakale
Sogiutli-Prut Brut-Sogyutlu Söğötlü
Yeski-Kazi, Eski-Kazi Aksi-Ghazi Eskigazi
Karamamed Gharamahmed n/a (in Armenia)
Bezirgyan Beyirgan Eskigeçit
Ardagan Ardahan Ardahan
Okam   Çayirbaşi
Urut Urut Bellitepe
Kagizman Kaghzvan Kağızman
Karabakh Gharabagh Karabağ
Kers Gers Günindi
Khar Khar Çallı
Yenidzha, Enidzha   Yenice
Karavank Gharavank Taşburun
Changli Chankli Çengilli
poselok Todan   Esenkır
Zirchi Zrchi Yağlıca
Pivik-Armyanskiy Bvik Karaboncuk
Laloy-Mavrak Laloy-Mavra Dolaylı
Pakran Bagaran Kilittaşi
Akryak Agarak Derinöz
Dzhalal Jalal Celal (Celalköy)
Zibni Tzpni Varlı
Digor Tikor Digor


Nakhichevan Nakhichevan Kocaköy
Kosha-Kilisa Ghoshakilisa Şehithalit
Khoperan Goberan Gecikmez
Shadevan Shatevan Belencik
Bashkey with poselok

Cholakhli and Kara-Pungar

Cholaghli and


Başköy, Çolaklı, Karapınar
Giulyantapa Gyulantara Beşyol
Sitagan Stahan Eşmeçayır
Akh-Kilisa Aghkilisa  
Armutli Armutlu Armutlu
Churuk Churuk Çardakçatı
Olti Olti Oltu
Dzhudzhurus Jurjuris Subatuk
Zardanes Zardanes Sarisaz
Tamrut Temrut Şendurak
Kubad-Yeriuk Yoruk Derebaşi
Akryak Agarak Sindiran
Pertus Bardus Zömrüt
Olor   Olur



This blog, concordance and map were first published on the bluebirdresearch website in 2011/12.