Armenians in Kazakhstan

This Google Map shows the distribution of the main places of Armenian settlement in Kazakhstan from the mid C19th to the present day. It is the third in a series of such maps on the subject of the Armenians of Central Asia, the two previous maps being those for Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

During the Soviet era, there were no active Armenian Apostolic (or Armenian Catholic) congregations in Kazakhstan. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union and the independence of Kazakhstan, there has been a rise in national, cultural and religious consciousness and confidence among Armenians, particularly perhaps as a result of the ongoing conflict with Azerbaijan over Artsakh (Nagorny Karabakh). This has led to the opening of a new church, dedicated to Surp Karapet (Surb Garabed), in the main Armenian neighbourhood of the capital Almaty.

The Almaty pin on the map is sited on the above church. Similarly, the pin for the former Russian fortified Caspian Sea port of Fort-Shevchenko (originally Novopetrovskoe and then Fort Aleksandrovskii) is placed on the old Armenian chapel there. In all other cases, the Google Map pins are simply dropped on the town in question in the absence of any specifically Armenian focal points.




Armenians in Turkmenistan

The Google Map shows known Armenian communities in the Central Asian Republic of Turkmenistan. This corrupt and repressive state was ruled by the vainglorious dictator Saparmurat Niyazov from the break-up of the Soviet Union until his death in 2005 and since then by another narcissistic autocrat, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow.

There are perhaps 30 to 40,000 Armenians in the country, living mostly in the major cities indicated on the map. Armenians arrived in Turkmenistan during Imperial Russian times, others during the Soviet era. More recently, more arrived following the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Minorities have limited rights in Turkmenistan and, as might be expected, many Armenians with the means to do so have emigrated to Armenia, Russia or USA in recent years .

There is no registered Armenian place of worship in Turkmenistan. The state recognises only Islam and the Russian Orthodox Church (the churches of which are used by some Armenians).

Of the five pre-Soviet-era Armenian churches (one per city shown on the map, except Balkanabat), the last standing was the one in Türkmenbaşy (Turkmenbashi – Russian Krasnovodsk), which was demolished in 2005. The former Armenian Apostolic church here was founded in 1904 but seized by the militantly atheist Soviet authorities in the 1920s and used as a warehouse. According to accounts on the internet, the church stood, decommissioned, at the junction of Pushkin and Lermontov streets. Street names in Türkmenbaşy have, for the most part, been renamed, although the street name Puşkin Köçesi survives in the old town (which was primarily Russian). However, Soviet-era Russian language maps do not show Ulitsa Pushkina and Ulitsa Lermontova as intersecting. Ulitsa Pushkina street was a short road joining Ulitsa Gogolya and Ulitsa Budennogo, both of which ran down to the square Ploshchad Privokzalnaya and the railway station by the waterfront. Ulitsa Lermontova, on the other hand, was further north, beyond the Russian cemetery (in which Armenians were presumably buried, it being the only Christian burial ground in the city) and running off 1 Maya (now Azadi Köçesi). Perhaps, therefore, Gogol rather than Lermontov was meant. Accordingly, the pin on the Google Map has been placed where the former Ulitsa Gogolya (now called Adalat Köçesi) joins Ulitsa Pushkina. In any event, the church survived until 2005, when it was demolished by the Turkmen authorities, despite repeated requests for it to be returned to the Armenian community.

The Krasnovodsk street plan below shows the old Russian town, with Russian street names, during Soviet times. Ulitsa Pushkina can be seen (as “ул. Пушкина”) towards the left-hand side of the map.






Armenians in Uzbekistan

This Google Map shows the main Armenian communities in C20th Uzbekistan. Some of these, such as those in the old Silk Road trading centres, are long-standing, although until the late C19th they were very modest in scale (probably under 250 individuals each).

It is likely that Armenians, who are thought to number over 45,000 across the country, are also resident in many other towns in Uzbekistan not shown on the map.

The only two functioning Armenian Apostolic churches are those in the big cities of Samarkand and Tashkent. The Soviets in Central Asia were militant atheists and the other known Armenian churches were closed by the authorities during the 1920s and 1930s. It is likely that the largest Uzbek Armenian communities outside Samarkand and Tashkent will apply to raise places of worship in the next few years with the resurgence of interest in Armenian culture and the Church.

The local Armenians speak Russian and Uzbek. The longest-settled families speak Uzbek as opposed to Armenian and are well assimilated into Uzbek society. More recent immigrants from, for example, Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) and Azerbaijan, are likely to have Armenian as their mother tongue.


The Armenians of Krasnodar krai (the Kuban)

The Google Map shows places of Armenian settlement in the Krasnodar krai, or region, of Russia, also known historically as the Kuban.

The history of Armenian settlement in this region of southern Russia is both old and complex, with multiple layers of immigration. These date from the Middle Ages (with the so-called Cherkesogai or Circassian Armenians), through to C19th Hemşin/Hemshin migrants from Anatolia (both Christian and Muslim converts), to 1915 Genocide survivors and late C20th refugees from Azerbaijan, Chechnya and Georgia and even from Central Asia. For over 500 hundred years, the Krasnodar or Kuban region has been a safe haven for Armenians.

Over 60 cities, towns and villages with a significant Armenian presence are plotted on the map. However, there are many small towns and villages with a modest or minority Armenian population not marked on this map; it does not purport to be fully comprehensive and complete.

Churches are shown (indicated by a cross) only when known to exist and positively identified. This does not mean to say that other settlements do not have places of worship. As mentioned above, a proportion of the Hemshin Armenians are adherents of Islam rather than Christians.


Armenians in Israel & Palestine

This Google Map shows the Armenian Quarter of the old walled city of Jerusalem and other sites of Armenian settlement and interest across Israel and Palestine.

The sites within and around Jerusalem, including Gethsemane and Mount of Olives, are of course well known, as is the Armenian Apostolic Church’s role in the custodianship of such holy sites as the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem.

Less well known are the small Armenian communities, most dating back to the aftermath of the 1915 Armenian Genocide, when Armenians were marched and fled south to Palestine as well as Syria, leading to the establishment of settlements in, for example, Jordan and Lebanon. The Israeli State tends to regard and treat the Armenian minority as if they were Palestinian. This is witnessed by the unrelenting encroachment upon the Armenian Quarter in Jerusalem but also by the compulsory purchase of Armenian-owned land in Bethlehem, for instance (the Baron Der Orchard there was sacrificed to the Security Wall).

A little known Genocide survivor Armenian settlement was that at Sheik Brak, just inland near the town of Atlit, south of Haifa. This was effectively a refugee village without facilities which was never permitted to develop and eventually was abandoned. Today it is returning to nature, and there are a few remains of buildings and mid-C20th headstones amid the scrub and trees.


Armenians in Egypt

The Google Map plots the main Armenian communities in Egypt. The two previous blog posts have looked at the cities of Alexandria and Cairo, giving extracts of Armenian names from a French-language directory of 1930.

For completeness, a list of Armenian businesses in Mansoura, Port Said, Suez and Zagazig – the other cities of Egypt included in the 1930 trade directory – is given below.

The list includes some of the big Armenian cigarette companies in Egypt. These firms were all family-run and Armenian-managed but employed mostly local Egyptian labour. They tended to differ from the international and Greek cigarette manufacturers by focusing, initially at least, on inexpensive non-luxury cigarettes and tobacco for the domestic market within Egypt and Sudan. In declining order of significance, the Armenian cigarette manufacturers in Egypt were as follows:

1. Matossian. Separate businesses were set up by brothers Hovhannes in Alexandria in 1882 and Garabed in Cairo in 1886. They went into partnership in 1896 and were incorporated in 1899. Later, factories were opened in Giza and Zagazig. Subsequently, the controlling brothers Jacques, Joseph and Victor Matossian merged the company with British American Tobacco in 1927 but continued to operate as before. 3,000 employees circa 1930.

2. Melkonian. This company started in retail but moved into wholesale and manufacturing. The Melkonian brothers’ earliest factories were in Zagazig (circa 1883/84) and Faiyum (1888); later, factories opened in Alexandria, Aswan and Cairo. Producer of the Maden brand.

3. Gamsaragan. This was another family firm set up by brothers, which continued to operate under its own name (as Yervant Gamsaragan & Co) despite acquisition by British American Tobacco. Producer of the Abu-Najma and Delta brands. 1,300 employees circa 1930.

4. Ipekian. The founder Kevork Ipekian’s business was acquired by Maspero Brothers in 1924 but continued to operate under its own name.

Armenian businesses in Mansoura, Port Said, Suez and Zagazig in 1930:

Avatis, M, rue Colmar, Suez, bookseller & stationer
Daggian, Joseph, Chantecler Cinema, rue Abbas, Suez, cinema
Dajian, Joseph, rue Abbas, Suez, hosiery
Dayan, Isaac Kh., PO Box 54, Mansoura, manufacturer
Djebedjian, brothers, rue Ismail, Mansoura, cigarette manufacturers
Djerahian, V, Suez, agent for A I Mantacheff & Co, petroleum
Djerahian, Vahe, rue Mohafz, Suez, sales representative
Gamsaragan, A, Suez, cigarette manufacturer
Gamsaragan, A, rue Abbas, Zagazig, cigarette manufacturer
Hagop, J, rue Colmar, Suez, dentist
Ipekian, Kevork, rue Memphis 3, Port Said, cigarette manufacturer
Isajjian, Joseph, rue Abbas, Suez, confection
Matossian, -, Société Anonyme des Tabacs & Cigarettes, rue Colmar, Suez, tobacco manufacturer
Matossian, -, Société Anonyme des Tabacs & Cigarettes, rue el-Montazah, Zagazig, tobacco manufacturer
Melkonian, K & G, rue Abbas, Zagazig, tobacco manufacturers
Mihranian, Hagop, Suez, dentist
Ourphalian, Rupin, rue de la Moudirieh 4, Zagazig, oculist
Papasian & Co., rue Eugenie, Port Said, gramophones, pianos & musical instruments
Partoghian, Minas, rue Mahkama Kadima, Zagazig, doctor, genito-urinary & venereal specialist
Paschayan, V G, rue Babel, Port Said, butter merchant
Sandalian, O, Zagazig, agent for A I Mantacheff & Co, mineral oils & petroleum
Sarkis, -, rue du Tribunal Mixte, Mansoura, printer


Armenians in Egypt – Cairo

This blog on Armenians in Cairo is the second of two on the subject of the Armenians in Egypt, the previous one focusing on Alexandria.

The same Google Map refers – it shows the main religious and cultural sites for the Armenian community in Egypt today, in the port city of Alexandria and the capital Cairo. All the sites on the map are current today.

Below is a list of prominent Armenian professionals, merchants, manufacturers and traders extracted taken from a French-language trade directory of 1930. Names are shown alphabetically using the English alphabet, although most of the names show evidence of transliteration from Armenian using French orthographic standards.

The list is likely to be incomplete, in the sense that some Armenians in the directory may have been missed, for instance if their names had been Anglicised or Gallicised, or abbreviated (losing a distinctive Armenian surname suffix). It is also quite conceivable that the list includes some non-Armenians – for instance, a few Coptic Christians, Maronites, Syriacs or even French who I have not been able to distinguish from Armenians.

Achdjian, Manouk, rue Karnak 6, Heliopolis, jeweller
Achekian, Artin, rue Amir-Farouk (Jardin Rosetti), shoemaking supplies & hide & skins
Achikian, Bedros, rue Manaklieh, haberdasher
Adjemian, S, boulevard Abbas 17, Heliopolis, photographer
Aghlaghalian, Kirkor, Jardin Rosetti, shoemaking supplies & hides & skins
Agopian, Agop / Hagop, rue Saptieh 18, iron & metal, agricultural & industrial machinery, construction materials
Agopian, D, midan Kantaret el-Dekka 4, lithographer
Agopian, Karekin, rue Saptieh, imm. Marché de la Gare, sales representative
Alexanian, Gostan, Khan Khalil, jeweller
Altounian, brothers, rue Amir Farouk & rue Beil-el-Sourein 64, shoemaking supplies & hide & skins
Amiraian / Amirayan, A, rue Souk el-Tewfikieh 4, lithographer & paper merchant
Amirayan, -, rue Wabour-el-Seoud, Rod-el-Farrag, cartons & sales representatives
Amirayan, S, rue Nubar pacha 9, photographer
Amirian, H, rue Soliman pacha 35, printer & bookseller
Ananian, Hagop, rue Maghraby 28, tailor
Ananian, Mihran, rue Emad el-Dine 17, tailor
Andjoukian, Archak, rue Elfi bey, imm. Dalbagni, tailor
Anlyan, Armand, rue Gohari 2, textiles & sales representative
Antiklian, brothers, Darb el-Guineneh 1, foodstuffs
Antranikian, A, sekkelt el-Manakh 6, architect
Apkar, Z O, avenue Fouad 1er 4, tailor
Arabian, P, Atfet Elani 2 (Mohamed Aly), shoemaking supplies
Arakelian, Armand, rue Emad el-Dine 3, photographer
Arakelian, G, rue Eloui 4, engraver & zincographer
Aram, Stephan, rue Manakh 41, lawyer
Ardaches, O, rue Kasr el-Nil 56, printer & engraver
Arevian, A, Européenne Teinturieres, boulevard Abbas 13, Heliopolis, dyer
Ariyan, Mardiros, rue Abdine 13, sales representative
Armenian, K, midan Bab el-Hadid 2, construction materials
Armenian, Kegham, rue Hod el-Zouhour, Saptieh, founder
Armenian, Kegham, place Bab el-Hadid 2, hardware, bathroom & sanitary installations
Arslanian, -, el-Manakh 41, furniture manufacturer
Arslanian, A, rue Comanos-pacha 7, Heliopolis, sales representative
Arslanian, D S, rue Bawaki 4, furniture
Artinian, Arakel, Venus Photo Studio, rue Emad el-Dine 3, photographer
Artinian, Ghazaros, rue Bein el-Nahdein 10, dentist
Artinian, Jacob, avenue Fouad 1er 4, tailor
Artinian, T, rue Bein el-Sourein 13, colonial goods
Arzoumanian, A, rue Bein el-Harate 103, tailor
Asfazadour, Vahram, rue Bawaki 4, furniture
Assadour, Mme Vve L, rue Falaki 44, sales representative
Assadourian, Tigrane, rue Kasr el-Nil 47, lawyer
Avakian, S, Wakalet el-Gawaherguieh, jeweller
Avakian, Y, De La Poste Pharmacy, midan Azbak, pharmacy
Avalcian, -, rue Abdel-Aziz 27, photographer
Avedis, K, rue Aboul Sebaa 20, mechanical workshop
Avedissian, A, rue Bawaki 12, dentist
Avedissian, Hagop, Orientale, rue San Stefano 15, foodstuffs
Azadian, Armenag, rue Abdel Moneim 50, Heliopolis, chemist
Azarian, A, rue Kamel 9, architect
Aznavour, Joseph S, rue Aboul-Sebaa 8, architect
Baghdigian, N, rue Kantaret el-Dekka 3, doctor
Bahadrian, Dikran bey, Des Fleurs Pharmacy, rue Emad el-Dine 52, Abdine, pharmacy
Baklaian, H K, brothers, rue Gawaherguieh 6, jeweller
Balekjian, Hagop, Nouveau Bazar Ataba el-Khadra, foodstuffs
Balian, Garo, rue Borsa 5, Tewfikieh, architect
Baronig, H, rue Fahmi 11, Bab-el-Luk, architect
Barzakian, Vartan T, rue Neuve 64, textiles
Basralian, H, rue Abdine 18, tailor
Bedevian, Benjamin, rue Tewfik 33, tailor
Berberian, A & L, rue Abdel-Aziz 25 & rue Taht el-Babh, cigarette manufacturers
Berberian, Aram, haret Faied 6, Abdine, engraver & zincographer
Berberian, K, London Studio, rue Emad el-Dine & boulevard Abbas 26, Heliopolis, photographer
Berberian, Leon, rue Choubrah 25, foodstuffs
Berberian, T & Sons, The Egyptian Society, Khan-Khalil, antiquarians
Berberian, Z, haret el-Toubgui 16, Abdine, printer
Beylerian, B E & Son, agents for Liverpool Marine & General Insurance Co Ltd, avenue de la Reine-Nazli 141, fire & transport insurance
Bledanian, Onnik, Americaine Teinturieres, rue Kasr el-Nil 25, rue Soliman pacha 41 & factory at rue Madbouli 72, dyers
Bodourian, A A, rue Ibn el-Yazri 18 (avenue Fouad 1er), pharmaceutical products
Bodourian, Ohanik / Onnik A, rue Nubar pacha 19, cigarette manufacturer & leaf tobacco
Boghossian, F, rue Mohamed Aly 147, printer & stationer
Bohdjakian, Manouk, rue Bein el-Surein 56, shoe manufacturer
Cavoukian, Ohannes, Cavouk Photography Studio, rue Madabegh 41 & rue Mohamed Aly 152, photographer
Chahbazian, J, rue Hoche el-Hine 12, Mouski, hides & skins
Chalvarjian, M, midan el-Khazindar 2, flour merchant
Chamkertenian, N, rue Hoche-el-Hine 3, Mousky, shoe manufacturer
Chamlian, Boghos, rue Soliman-pacha 41, doctor
Chilian, Edoaurd, rue Deir el-Banat 10, lawyer
Chirinian, Artine, midan Ataba el-Khadra 5, surgeon
Churukian, S H, sekket-Cheikh-Abdalla 4, Abdine, doctor
Croubalian, P, rue Abdine 18, engraver & zincographer
Dadarian, Karnik, sekket el-Noubi, founder
Daggian, L, rue Nubar pacha 9 & haret el-Mezayan 1, Mousky, hosiery, shoe merchant & sales representative
Daggian, Leon, rue Nubar pacha 9, bicycles & accessories
Damlamaian, Haig, rue Manakh 5, carpet dealer
Darian, Georges L, rue Maghraby 16, lawyer
Darian, J L, rue Maghraby 16, banker
Debedjian, Guiragos, haret Fayed 3, Abdine, tailor
Demian, Youssef, rue Neuve 40, jeweller
Demirdjian, K G, rue Kamel 5, dentist
Demirdjian, Mikhail, rue Teraa el-Boulakieh 101, Choubra, mechanical workshop
Demirgian & Cumbo, -, L’Urbaine, place de l’Opéra 48, fire insurance
Demirgian & Cumbo, -, La Minerve, place de l’Opéra 48, life insurance
Demirgian, Louis, rue Abdine 48, place de l’Opéra, sales representative
Der Arakelian, Arakel, rue Bein el-Sourein 27, shoemaking supplies
Der Markarian, Apkar N, Atfet Zawiet Aboul Wafa, Abdine, oculist
Der Markarian, G M, rue Khordaguieh 15 & rue Neuve, jeweller
Der Markarian, Vahan N, Ramses Pharmacy, rue el-Cheikh Rihane 18, pharmacy
Der Markerian, Ohannes, rue Clot bey 74, haberdasher
Derderian, M & Co, PO Box 555, sales representatives
Dervishian, M, midan Bab el-Hadid 4, hardware, bathroom & sanitary installations
Dervishian, Ohan A, Zokak el-Gabbas 21, darb el-Barbara, flour merchant
Djanikian, O, rue Damiette 38, Heliopolis, architect
Djazmadarian, H, darb el-Guinéna 3, shoemaking supplies & hides & skins
Djivanian, Mihran, rue Emad el-Dine 5, jeweller
Djizmedjian, brothers, haret Zogheb 2, bankers
Djizmedjian, Haig, rue Manakh 3, sales representative
Djizmedjian, Yervant, avenue des Pyramides, Heliopolis, dentist
Dzerounian, A, rue Manakh, passage Zogheb, jeweller
Dzerounian, A, sekket el-Manakh, jeweller
Dziranian, Krikor, rue Azbak 1, transportation
Ekmekdjian, A, rue Makassisse, jeweller
Ekmekdjian, Mme Catherine, Heliopolis, Aux Camelias millinery shop
Ekmekdjian, Ohanes, rue Abdine 12, shoemaking supplies
Erganian, S, rue Abdel-Aziz 21, musical instruments & pianos
Etmekdjian, A & M, rue Bein el-Nahdein 5, sales representatives
Farahian, brothers, Ezbet el-Zeitoun, sales representatives
Farahian, Georges, PO Box 376, sales representative
Farsakian, Zacharia, rue Chaaraoui-el-Barrani 12, shoemaking supplies & hides & skins
Fendian & Co, rue Aboul Sebaa 8, engravers & zincographers
Fendian & Co, rue Kantaret-el-Deka 22, agricultural & industrial machinery
Fetchedjian, Levon, avenue de la Reine Nazli 133, bathroom & sanitary installations
Garabed, Michel, rue Ebn Ghannam 12, Daher, sales representative
Garabedian, A, rue el-Noubi 2, founder
Garabedian, A B, avenue Fouad 1er 11, oculist
Garabedian, A B, rue Gohary 3, opthalmologist
Ghougassian, Asdour, rue Neuve Okelle Saleh effendi, silks & textiles
Goganian, G, rue Maghrabi 27, sales representative
Goganian, L, Ghamrah, mechanical workshop
Goganian, Leon, rue Sahel el-Ghelal 12, Boulac, founder
Golian, Haig, okelle Gawherguieh, jeweller
Gorunlian, Garabed, rue Guinenah 6, butter merchant
Gostanian, Ohannes, rue Khalig el-Masri 567, shoe manufacturer
Goudsouzian, Sons & Co, rue el-Azhar 22, Hamzaoui, carpet dealers & sales representatives
Goudsouzian, G, rue Bein el-Surein 64, hides & skins
Guiragossian, P, rue Bawaki 11, hardware store
Gumuchian, D, rue Bein-el-Nahdein 3, haberdasher
Gurunlian, H, avenue Reine-Nazli 59, surgeon
Guzelimian, K, sekket el-Manakh, tailor
Guzelimian, Loudere H, rue Bawaki 25-27, jeweller, household utensils & sales representative
Guzelimian, N, rue Faggala 62, pharmacy
Habechian, Vahan, rue Michat-el-Kataba 3, animal bones dealer
Hagopian, S, rue Aboul-Mouli 8, Choubra, pharmacy
Haig, Sahag, Idéale Pharmacy, rue Kantaret el-Guédida 2, pharmacy
Hamalian, K, rue Madabegh 27, zincographer
Hamamdjian, Leon & Son, Wakalet el-Gawaherguieh, jeweller
Haronian, Ath., rue Maghrabi 5 bis, tailor
Hatchadourian, Ed. P, rue Bawaki 18-19, household utensils
Hekimian, Djivan Sons, rue Bein el-Sourein, colonial goods
Hekimian, V, rue Manchet el-Kataba 3, banker & sales representative
Hovaghimian, H & D, Sekket el Nasser, Boulac, steel, iron & metal, construction materials
Imamedjian, Artine, rue Bein el-Surein 1, foodstuffs
Indien, Valirian & Sons, haret el-Zaher 9, bazaar
Indjidjian, P, rue Bein el-Surein 35, shoemaking supplies & hides & skins
Inedjian, A, Grande Orientale, rue San Stefano 15, Heliopolis, foodstuffs
Ipekian, Kevork, Choubra, cigarette manufacturers
Iplicjian, D Stephan, Okelle Btesh, rue Bibars, Hamzaoui, manufacturer
Iranian, Mihrane, midan Kantaret el-Dekka 4, photographer
Ishkhanian, brothers, Comet Photo Studio, rue Abdine 42, place de l’Opéra, photographers
Ispenian, K, Muslim Art Gallery, rue Kasr-el-Nil 22, antiquarian & carpet dealer
Jamgotchian, S P, rue Mousky 43, doctor
Kaikadjian / Kaikdjian, Simon, rue Saptieh 12, mineral oils, hardware, bathroom & sanitary installations
Kalaidjian, S, haret el-Husseini 4, Ezbekieh, wine merchant & sales representative
Kalebdjian, brothers, rue el-Méligui 3, antiquarians
Kalemkarian, H H, avenue Fouad 1er 4, galerie commerciale, sales representative
Kalemkarian, H H, rue Kasr el-Nil 52, earthenware
Kalfayan, K, rue Kasr el-Nil 33, zincographer
Kalfayan, Sarkis, rue Bein el-Surein 37, shoemaking supplies
Kalpakdjian, Garabet, rue Abdine 30, jeweller
Karagulian, Nubar, rue Bibars 10, Hamzaoui, textiles
Karakachian, A & Son, rue Fakhry-pacha 4, Mousky, gramophones
Karakachian, H, avenue Fouad 1er, gramophones
Karaognianian, brothers, Souk el-Habalin 3, shoe manufacturers
Kasandjian, Artine, rue Kasr-el-Nil 47, lawyer
Kasparian, Artine, Darb el-Guinenah 20, foodstuffs
Kasparian, Karikine, Haret Fayed 6, photographer
Kassabian, Jean, Confiance Teinturieres, rue Emad el-Dine, imm. Dalbagni & midan Soliman pacha, dyers
Kassabian, Mourad, rue Momtaz 3 (Mohamed-Aly), foodstuffs & distillery
Kavaldjian, L, Anglo-Egyptian Pharmacy, rue Mansour pacha, Helouan, pharmacy
Kavoukian, G, rue Choubrah 18, jeweller & optician
Kayserlian, Edouard, rue Saha 37, jeweller
Kazandjian, V, rue Manakh, passage Zogheb, jeweller
Kegham, H, rue Aboul-Sebaa 20, Galerie Ismailieh, electrical supplies
Kelekian, Dikran, rue el-Méligui 3, antiquarian
Kemhadjian, A, rue Dessouki 7, hides & skins, & sales representative
Keshishian, H, rue Okély 11, shoe merchant & sales representative
Ketchedjian, N B, rue Kamel 3, surgeon
Kevorkian, B, rue Neuve, en face la banque Misr, jeweller
Kevorkian, Nubar, rue Kasr-el-Nil 33, architect
Khachadour, Dadoud, rue Emad el-Dine 11, lawyer
Khatchadourian, A & A, Constantinople Pharmacy, rue Karnak, Heliopolis, pharmacy
Khatchadourian, M & Co, rue Zabitieh, sales representatives
Khatcherian, Melkon, Osana & Son, rue Bein el-Surein 35, shoemaking supplies
Khatchoian, Khorein, sekket el-Manakh, tailor
Khelian, Gh., rue Bein el-Surein 38, hides & skins
Khoronian, Dikran N, rue Mezayen 7, Mousky, stationer
Kilidjian, sons of H T, rue Neuve 49, colonial goods
Kirazian, Karkour, rue Bein el-Surein 60, aniline dyes, colours & varnishes, & hosiery
Krikorian, K, avenue Reine Nazli 79, photographic supplies
Krikorian, K & L, avenue Reine Nazli 79, sales representatives
Kurkdjian, Aram, rue Abdine 29, engraver
Kurukian, A, avenue Fouad 1er 13, dentist
Latchmian, M, Grande Orientale, rue San Stefano 15, Heliopolis, foodstuffs
Lekegian, G, rue Kamel 9, photographer
Madjarian, Onnik, rue Soliman pacha 20, lawyer
Malkhassian, G, rue Gameh el-Banat 3, butter merchant & sales representative
Malkhassian, S D, rue Momtaz 5, butter merchant
Malkhossian, Garabed, Nouveau Bazar Ataba el-Khadra, foodstuffs
Manouginian, A, Vosguedar Printers, rue Emad el-Dine, imm. Dalbagni, printers
Mansourian, Khossrof & Meguerditch, rue Khordaguieh 6, jewellers
Maralian, A, rue San Stefano 21, Heliopolis, tailor
Marcarian, -, rue Soliman pacha 4, automobile supplies
Mardikian, B & L, rue Abdel-Aziz 19, electrical supplies
Mardikian, B & L, avenue Fouad 1er 31, sales representatives
Mardinian, H, rue Souk el-Touk el-Tewfikieh 1, architect
Mardinian, H B, rue Mousky 38, banker
Mardinian, Mardick, rue Mohamed Aly 200, copper merchant
Markarian, S, rue Abdine 42 (place de l’Opéra), dentist
Maronian, Ohannesse, rue Bein el-Surein 60, aniline dyes, colours & varnishes & hosiery
Massehian, Simon, rue Kasr el-Nil 50, sales representative
Mastikian, Haig, Haig Pharmacy, rue Choubra 22, pharmacy
Matossian, S A, Tabacs & Cigarettes, avenue des Pyramides, Guizeh, cigarette manufacturer
Matossian, Ste. Anon., rue Azbak 4, leaf tobacco
Mechian, Setrak, rue Abdel-Aziz 16, gramophones
Meghirian, Mme Nevick, Hotel Gloria, rue Emad el-Dine, milliner
Melkonian, K & G, rue Galal 14, Tewfikieh, cigarette manufacturers & leaf tobacco
Melkonian, L, rue Mohamed Aly 147, printer & stationer
Mesrobian, H, midan Azbak 4, dentist
Mestdjian, Ardaches, Impériale Pharmacy, rue Mousky 11 & rue Ismail 22, Heliopolis, pharmacies
Mestoudjian, D K, rue Manakh 23, dentist
Mesurlian, Y, Vosguedar Printers, rue Emad el-Dine, imm. Dalbagni, printers
Mihran, Agop, Laboratoire de la Renaissance Egyptienne Pharmacy, rue el-Komi 8, Sayeda Zenab, pharmacy
Mihranian, Dr H L, rue Azbak 1, dentist
Mimekian, Krikor, rue Bein el-Sourein, soap manufacturer
Minassian, Asfazadour, rue Neuve, coffee merchant & sales representative
Minassian, P, rue Kasr el-Nil 51, engraver
Minassian, T, rue Elfi bey, imm. Daibagni, mechanical workshop
Minedjian, Zareh M, haret Ahmed Nafie 5, dentist
Minetian, K, rue Bein el-Surein 8, foodstuffs
Minnetian, Kirkor, rue Bein el-Sourein 8, colonial goods
Misirlian, Armenak, rue Chawazlieh 27, Mousky, sales representative
Misketian, H, rue Soliman pacha 36, sales representative
Missaelian, Sarkis, [no address given], Loussartzak Armenian-language weekly
Missakian, B, rue Kantaret el-Dekka 3, doctor, genito-urinary & venereal specialist
Mosditchian, V, rue Kasr el-Nil 56, printer
Mouradian, Kevork, okelle Tarabichi, Hamzaoui, sales representative
Mouradian, Kevork, rue Gameh-el-Banat 10, manufacturer & coffee merchant
Murachanian, brothers, avenue Fouad 1er 111, automobile supplies
Nakachian, A, rue Manakh (passage Zogheb), engraver
Nalbandian, M & P, rue Borsa-el-Guédida 4, antiquarians & carpet dealers
Navassartian, V, rue Soliman pacha 35, editor & proprietor of Houssaper Armenian-language newspaper
Nazarethian, K, rue Kasr el-Nil 49, proprietor of American Engraving zincographers
Nazarian, Boghos, rue Maghrabi 18, tailor
Nederian, H, rue Aboul-Sebaa 22, tailor
Nerdjivanian, Aram, rue Neuve, jeweller
Nigolian, Kirkor, Wakalet el-Gawaherguieh, jeweller
Nourian, P, rue Minchaat el-Kataba 1, lawyer
Odabachian, G & N, zokak Salawi 2, manufacturers
Ohandjanian, Dr Hamasasp, rue Coubrah 45, paediatrician
Ohanes, Andon, Nouvelle Ismalieh Pharmacy, rue Abdine 16, pharmacy
Ohanessian, O G, rue Choubrah 107, doctor
Okosdinossian, Armand, rue Cheikh Maarouf 30, architect
Pachayan, Dr Artin Ohanes, rue Comanos pacha 24, Heliopolis, male midwife & surgeon
Pachayan / Pashaian, H, haret el-Husseini 4, Ezbekieh, wine merchant & sales representative
Pachinian, Haig, Ramses Photography Studio, rue Mohamed Aly 150, photographer
Pamboukdjian, rue Bendaka 5, hardware store
Pamboukdjian, Aram, rue Madabegh 27, zincographer
Pamboukdjian, K H & Co, [no address], sales representatives
Papasian & Co, rue Maghraby 7, gramophones
Papasian & Co, rue Maghraby 9 & rue Nubar pacha 15, pianos
Papazian, -, Matarieh Pharmacy, Matarieh, pharmacy
Papazian, A, Royale Stationers, rue Kasr-el-Nil 50, stationer
Papazian, Arakel, rue Kasr el-Nil 54, office supplies
Papazian, F, place Ataba el-Khadra 5, optician
Papasian, Jules, rue Maghrabi 7 & rue Nubar pacha 15, musical instruments
Papazian, H D, rue Gohari 1, dentist
Papazian, K, rue Nubar pacha 5, photographic supplies
Papazian, Kh. M, rue Nubar pacha 15 & rue Kantaret-el-Dekka 4, photographer
Papazian, Sempad, rue Gohari 2, lawyer
Papazian, Z, rue Neuve, en face la banque Misr, jeweller
Partoghian, D, rue Neuve 56, hosiery
Paschian, A & Co, Cosmos Trading Agency, haret el-Husseini 4, Ezbekieh, sales representatives
Pilibbossian, Dr Bedros, rue Soliman pacha 44, doctor, skin & venereal diseases specialist, electrotherapy
Rogojian, Gabriel, rue Kenissa-Guedida 6, typewriters
Samuelian, Dr Leon, avenue Said 1er 17, Heliopolis, women’s doctor
Sarafian, Aram, rue Manakh 5, tailor
Sarafian, I, rue Maghraby 18, tailor
Sarian, G & H, Oriental Carpets Stores, [no address], carpet dealers
Sarkis, Antoine, rue Faggalah 53, pharmaceutical supplies
Sarkis, Ferdinand, rue Falaki 42, surgeon & gynaecologist
Sarkis, J E & Son, rue Faggalah 53, bookseller
Sarkis, Ph., rue Nubar-pacha 9, doctor
Sarkis, Dr Ph., rue Kamel, photographic supplies
Sarrafian, Socrote, Argus Printers, rue Elfi bey, imm. Dalbagni, printer
Sedefian, K, rue Mousky 41, dentist
Selvadjian, K E, avenue Fouad 1er 1 & 2, hardware store & kitchen utsensils
Semedjian & Co, Majestic, rue Soliman pacha 35, shoe manufacturers
Serafian, Aram, Wakalet el-Gawaherguieh, jeweller
Serobiantz, Nazareth agha, boulevard Abbas 17, Heliopolis, women’s doctor
Seropian, B, rue Madabegh 43, doctor
Sevonkhian, Chavarch, rue Maghrabi 9, lawyer
Sexemian / Sexenian / Seximian, H M, The Egyptian Cigarettes & Tabacco Stores, rue Faggalah 65, cigarette manufacturer & leaf tobacco
Shaldjian, Leon, rue Borsa el-Guedidia 2, tailor
Shaldjian, Vahan, rue Aboul Sebaa 20, tailor
Sinanian, A, rue Chérifein 7, mechanical workshop
Sislian, Artine, rue Souk el-Tewfikieh 4, tailor
Smyrnagasissian, Serge, rue Tigrane pacha 4, mechanical workshop
Sossoyan, Meguerditch Boghos, place de l’Opéra 46, lawyer
Soukiassian, Mme Azniv, avenue Reine Nazli 243, lingerie
Souvalian, Habib, avenue Reine-Nazli 59, dentist
Spendjian, H B, rue Saba Kaat el-Keblieh (rue Neuve), sales representative
Stepanian, Anis, rue Souk el-Tewfikieh 4, earthenware
Stepanian, Arias, rue Chaaraoui el-Barrani 30, Bab el-Charieh, earthenware & household utensils
Stepanian, Leon, Bazar Stamboul, rue Bawaki 5, earthenware, household utensils & hardware store
Sualian, G, rue Chébine 4, Heliopolis, architect
Sultanian, David, rue Bein el-Surein 35, shoemaking supplies
Tachdjian, H K, PO Box 555, sales representative
Tacvorian, K, rue Mansourah, Heliopolis, butter merchant
Tahtadjian, Vahan, rue Emad el-Dine 3, imm. Aghababa, tailor
Taurian / Tourian, brothers A & A, rue Madabegh 7, imm. Mazloum, bookbinder
Tchakedjian, Kevork, rue Mousky 19 & rue Clot bey 49, household utensils & hardware stores
Tchalikian, Mme M, Anglo-Egyptian Pharmacy, rue Mansour pacha, Helouan, pharmacy
Tchelakian, H A, Eastern Printing Co, rue Teraa-el-Boulakieh 94-96, lithographers
Tchidjian, Kh., rue Gameh Charkass 1, bookbinder
Tchopourian, Bedros, haret el-Soufi 5, gramophones
Tekeian, Vahan, rue Zaki 9, Tewfikieh, editor & proprietor of Arev Armenian-language newspaper
Terzian, Dikran, rue Mazloum pacha 16, tailor
Topalian, Diran, rue Zaher 23, founder
Topalian, Kevork, rue Hamzaoui, manufacturer
Topouzian, H, Sagha, jeweller
Torigian, Hachadour, rue Abdine 45, tailor
Touryantz, G, PO Box 603, sales representative
Toutoundjian, Magar, Haret el-Soufi 2, tailor
Tschakedjian, H, rue Bein el-Nahdein okelle Cherazi 9, sales representative
Tschakedjian, W T, rue Bein el-Nahdein imm. Cherazi, sales representative
Utugian, H, American Photography Studio, rue Ibrahim 13, Heliopolis, photographer
Vanerian, Nichan, rue Bawaki 4, household utensils
Varterian, Dr Kevork, rue Choubra 14, doctor, pathologist, gynaecologist
Varvayan, Garabed, rue Madabegh 38, carpet dealer
Yacoub, Arax, rue Montaz, Mohamed-Aly, photographer
Yacoubian, Dr Dikran, rue Maghrabi 18, dentist
Yacoubian, N, midan Ataba el-Khadra imm. Morums, household utensils, earthenware & hardware store
Yacoubian, Serop, rue Clot-bey 92, haberdasher
Yacoubian, Stephan, rue Aboul-Maali, Chicola-Choubra, pharmacy
Yacoubian, Dr Vahram K, rue Kamel 3, dentist
Yaghoian, Kirkor, rue Mohamed Aly 105, engraver
Yazidjian, H, rue Mansourah, Heliopolis, butter merchant
Yazidjian, Yervant, rue Zaki 3, Tewfikieh, banker & sales representative
Yeminedjian, Hrant, rue El-Chawarby 6, jeweller
Yeramian, Bedros, Jardin Rosetti, shoemaking supplies & hides & skins
Yergatian, O, rue San Stefano 13, Heliopolis, foodstuffs
Zalemian & Co, rue Hamzaoui, près de la Poste, hides & skins
Zambakdjian, -, Atfet Elani 2 (Mohamed Aly), shoemaking supplies
Zambakdjian, Soghofet, midan Soliman pacha 8, carpet dealer
Zartarian, V, avenue Fouad 1er 13, bookseller
Zohrabian, D, atfet Hoche Issa, hosiery & sales representative
Zohrabian, D, rue Hoche Issa, hardware store

The following Armenian institutions also appear in the same 1930 directory of Cairo:

Armenian Hospital, rue du Vieux-Caire 94
Armenian Kalousdian School, rue Fouad 1er 40
Armenian Orthodox Boys & Girls School, Boulac (Aboul-Ela) & rue Tel-el-Kebir (Heliopolis)
Berberian College, rue Choubrah 113
Manissalian Preparatory School, rue Habib Chalabi 46, Faggalah
Tashdjian School, avenue Reine Nazli 219
Tchedjeyan School, avenue Said 7, Heliopolis


Armenians in Egypt – Alexandria

This Google Map shows the main religious and cultural sites for the Armenian community in Egypt today, focused on the once cosmopolitan port of Alexandria and the capital Cairo. The sites on the map are believed to be extant today and also for much of the C20th.

The marked sites include Armenian Catholic and Armenian Apostolic Church buildings and cemetries, plus a few cultural associations such as sports clubs and schools.

This particular post is the first of two and focuses upon Alexandria. Below is a list of prominent Armenians taken from a French-language 1930 trade directory. The Armenian population of Alex may have been as high as 30,000 at that date so, of course, any extract from a commercial directory invariably captures only a very small percentage of the overall population. However, it gives some idea of the families in town and of how their surnames were transliterated using French orthographic standards (which, naturally, differ from the English – for example, favouring ch- where English would use sh-).

It is not possible to map the given addresses on the Google Map, as the street plan of Alexandria has changed – by which is meant not so much that street names have changed (although of course many if not most have) but that the layout of the city has altered in places so that a street extant in 1930 may no longer have a counterpart today. However, most of the streets given in the extract of Armenians of Alexandria can be found in the Attarine, Labbane and Manchieh districts of the city on old maps. A very nice map can be found online (at the time of writing), on which a researcher should be able to find most of the streets listed in the extract.

Acdarian, Ohannes, rue Abou Dardar 20, iron & metal dealer, builders’ supplies
Acdarian, Ohannes, rue anc. Douane 8, tobacco merchant
Adjemian, H & A, rue Pirona 1, sales representatives
Adourian, Missak N, rue Mosquée Attarine 26, sewing machines
Agatcherakian, Kerope, rue Sarafia, jeweller
Aghadjian, -, rue Okelle Lemoun 8, colonial goods
Aharonian, Ohannes, rue Okelle Lemoun 40, sales representative
Ajamian, Ag., rue des Soeurs 9 sales representative
Allaverdi, Garabed, rue 1er Khédive 27, doctor & gynaecologist
Anlyan, Armand, Midan Saad-Zaghloul 2 sales representative
Anlyan, G J, rue Nubar pacha 18, novelties
Anlyan, G J, rue de France 13 & r. Nubar pacha 13, tailors’ supplies
Anlyan, Garabet J, Place Ste Catherine 17 & rue de France 13, drapery & textiles
Antonian, Leon, rue Fouad 1er 6, carpet merchant
Apkarian, V N, Misr Pharmacy, rue Attarine 86, pharmacist
Arakel, S Diarby, rue de France 2, textiles
Arissian, K A, rue Tewfik 27, tailor
Arissian, S, boulevard Ramleh 17, tailor
Aronian, Hiram, rue Mahmoud pacha el Falaki 7, lawyer
Artin & Benon, Station Ibrahime 37, electrical supplies
Artinian, K, rue Averoff 10, photographer
Avakian, Ch., rue de France 15, textiles
Avakian, G H, rue de France 10, manufacturer
Avakian, Sarkis, rue de France 33, textiles
Azarian, A, rue Abou Dardar 20, cement manufacturer, iron & metal dealer, builders’ supplies
Baghdadlian, Hovsep, rue Mogharba 46, haberdasher
Baghdalian, T, rue de France, passage Ghanem, tailor
Bahodian, J A, rue Anastassi 1, confection
Baikian, Hagop, rue Abou-Dardar 7, mechanical workshop
Bardizbanian, Barur, avenue Prince Ibrahim. imm. du Dr Kudian, architect
Barmaksian, I, boulevard Saad-Zaghloul 23, furniture
Barsamian, Hampar & Co, place Mohamed Aly (Okelle Monferrato), hides & skins & sales representatives
Basmajian, Stefan, boulevard Ramleh 30, jeweller
Bedrossian, Norhad, rue des Etudiants 3, sales representative
Berberian, Aram, rue de la Poste 3, engraver & zincographer
Berberian, Levon, rue Eglise Maronite 6, imm. Nossier, sales representative
Bohdajlian, -, rue Tekiet el-Kalchani 5, shoemaking supplies
Bohdjelian, Boghos, rue Hamman-el-Warcha 41, sales representative
Bostanian, A, boulevard Saad-Zaghloul 24, household utensils
Boyadjian, Hrant, Majestic Photo Studio, boulevard Ramleh 11, photographer
Bouktchadjian, Callouste, rue Souk el-Saiaref 35, jeweller
Caramanian, Ardaches, rue de France 6, doctor
Cazazian, M, boulevard Saad-Zaghloul 3, advertising agency
Chaldjian, S, rue Mosquée Attarine 19, textiles & manufacturing
Chalvardjian, M, rue 1er Khédive 24, flour merchant
Chaninian, brothers, rue Fouad 1er, 31, jewellers
Chorlian, Gregory, rue Mahmoud-pacha el-Falaki 7, surgeon
Cracerian, brothers, rue Mosquée Attarine 87, cigarette manufacturers & sales representatives
Croubalian, Ohanig J, rue Séostris 3, tobacco merchant
Darmanian, -, rue Okelle Lemoun 8, colonial goods
Darmanian, H, rue Attarine 39, coffee trader
Darmanian, S K, rue Souk el-Tabbakhine 2, coffee trader & colonial goods
Dayan, C, rue Mosquée Attarine 19, haberdasher
Dayan, Zaki R, rue Souk el-Siaref, tailor
Demian, Tadros, rue de la Poste 1, lawyer
Demirgian, -, rue Eglise Copte 9, sales representative
Demirgian, Ph., rue Souk el-Siaref 14, parfumier
Develian, H, rue Eglise Copte 26, transportation
Develian, H & Co, rue Eglise copte 26, sales representatives
Develian, Mehran D H, rue Cheikh Soliman pacha 2, sales representative
Diskinian, brothers, rue Souk el-Kheit, novelties
Djiverdjian, G, rue Port-Est, sales representative
Enokian, Mme A, rue Fouad 1er El-Akkadine 9, haberdasher
Enokian, L, rue Champollion 1, travel office
Enokian, L, midan Saad-Zaghloul 1, sales representative
Fessalian, Khatchik, rue Stamboul 11, jeweller
Gagarian, Sahag, Stamboul Pharmacy, place Mohamed Aly 14, pharmacist
Gamsaragan, A, succursale d’Alexandrie, rue Toussoun Pacha 1, cigarette manufacturers
Garabedian, Mehran, rue Farahdé 27, mechanical sawmill
Garabet, Arakel, boulevard Saad Zaghloul 20, doctor
Geundjian, Levon A, rue Souk-el-Kheit 1, tailor
Ghazarian, Aris, rue Mawlia Mohamed, shoemaking supplies
Ginivisian, brothers, rue Tewfik 29, photographic supplies
Goudsousian / Goudsouzian, Stepan, rue Mosquée Attarine 11, shoemaking supplies, hides & skins
Goudsouzian, brothers, rue de France, shoemaking supplies
Groubalian, Jacques J, rue Sésostris 3, tobacco merchant
Groubalian, Ohanig J, rue Sésostris 3, tobacco merchant
Hampartzoumian, H K, rue Souk el-Saiaref, jeweller
Hekimian, Meguerdiche, rue Souk el-Kheit, haberdasher
Hovaghimian, H & D, rue Ishak el-Nadim 2, steelworks, iron & metal dealer, builders’ supplies
Ichlemedjian, Hrand, rue Souk el-Saiaref 11, jeweller
Ichlemedjian, O, rue de France 31, jeweller
Ipekdjian, A, rue de France 16, jeweller
Ipekian, Kevork, Moharrem bey, tobacco merchant
Ipekian, Kevork, rue Toussoun Pacha, cigarette manufacturer
Ismirlian, Ch. M, rue Chérif pacha (passage Artinoff), tobacco merchant
Jigamian, H, rue Abou-Dardar 20, builders’ supplies
Kadifian, Ohannes, bureau Eastern Company, rue Toussoun-pacha 1, tobacco merchant
Kaldjian, Y, rue Mosquée Attarine 44, dentist
Kalfayan, K V, rue Salah el-Dine 36, dentist
Kalinian, Khoren Mardiros, rue Midan 4 or 8, doctor, eye specialist
Kamadjian, Hagop, rue Missallah 11, carpet merchant
Kancachian, K, rue Sidi-Metwalli 40, sales representative
Kaprelian, Ohannes, rue 1er Khédive 33, musical instruments
Karayan, Keton, rue Souk el-Saiaref, jeweller
Karnikian, G, rue Sinan-pacha 2, sales representative
Karnikian, -, rue Gameh el-Cheikh 4, sales representative
Kassabian, Aram, rue Salah el-Dine 17, printer
Kassardjian, Garabed, Midan Saad-Zaghloul 3, zincographer
Kassardjian, Garabed, rue Champollion 3, sales representative
Kavadjian, brothers, rue Souk Sarafieh 10, jeweller
Kavoukdjian, brothers, rue Souk el-Siaref 10, engravers
Kayarian, Kevork, rue Tousson-pacha 1, lawyer
Kayarian, Levon, rue Tousson-pacha 1, dentist
Kechichian, Artin, rue el-Midan 27, grain merchant & colonial goods
Kechichian, Hohannes, boulevard Saad-Zaghloul 22, chemist
Kechichian, Mario M S, rue Mosquée Attarine 16, bazaar & novelties
Kegham, Nazareth, rue Mosquée Attarine 91, dentist
Keludjian, Maassab & Frank, rue Souk el-Tabbakhine 6, sales representatives
Ketchian, G, rue Abou-Dardar 5, sales representative
Khandjian, Frangul, rue Neuve 9, sales representative
Kirchmayen, A, rue Fouad 1er 10, engraver
Kludjian, Nigol, rue 1er Khédive 33, surgeon & urologist
Kourounian, Agop, rue Souk el-Saiaref 14, jeweller
Kouyoudjian, Papel A, rue Souk el-Siaref 12, jeweller
Kudian, A, place Mohamed Aly 17, dentist
Kulhandjian, Mihran, rue de France 38, tailor & tailors’ supplies
Kupelian, brothers, Souk el-Saiaref 11, jewellers
Kurdjian, Artin, rue Souk el-Saiaref, jeweller
Kurkdjian, Haig, rue de France 15, manufacturer
Kurkudjian, Haig & Co, rue de France 15, sales representatives
Kutchukian, Armenak, rue des Soeurs 7, household utensils
Kyrzaiank, -, rue de France, passage Ghaem, aniline dyes
Levonian, M, rue Bab Sidra 24, doctor
Malkhassian, G & Co, rue Hammam el-Warcha 41, butter merchants
Malkhassian, brothers S & D, rue Masguid el-Cheikh Ibrahim Pasha 3, oil trader
Manoukian, K, rue Gameh el-Cheikh 4, sales representative
Manoukian, K, rue Souk El-Kheit 1, silks, haberdashery & novelties
Manoukian, K, rue Souk El-Kheit 2, manufacturer
Manoukian, Krikor, Souk El-Kheit, textiles
Manoukian, Movses, rue Salah el-Dine 10, colonial goods
Manoukian, Vartan, rue Souk el-Tork, antiquities
Margossian, V, rue Souk el-Kanto 3, hosiery
Markarian & Son, rue église-Copte 2, foodstuffs
Marmarian, S, rue Peluse 1, Ibrahimieh, doctor
Matossian, Leon Oh., boulevard Sultan-Hussein 30, tobacco merchant
Matossian, -, Société Anonyme des Tabacs & Cigarettes, rue Toussoun pacha 1, cigarette manufacturers & tobacco merchants
Mazloumian, brothers, Souk el-Saiaref 15, jewellers
Melkonian, K & G, midan Saad-Zaghloul 1, cigarette manufacturers
Melkonian, K & G, rue Toussoun-pacha 1, tobacco merchants
Minassian, Missak, rue Attarine 43, jeweller
Moughalian, Garabet & Son, Port-Est 10, sales representatives
Moughalian, Monhegh A, rue Eglise Maronite 5, watchmaker
Moughalian, Pierre, rue Souk el-Kanto 1, hides & skins
Mouradian, Khosroff, rue Thébes 129, sales representatives
Nadjarian, D A, rue Masguid el-Terbana 9, dentist
Nalbantian, L, rue Eglise Debbané 7, tailor
Nazaretian, Artin N & Son, rue du 1er Khédive 4, grain merchants, cigarette manufacturers & colonial goods
Niziblian, N, rue Stamboul 25, dentist
Odabachian, Aram N, rue de France 17, textiles
Ohanessian, Garabed, rue de France 6, textiles
Ohanessian, -, rue Tekiet el-Kalchani 5, shoemaking supplies
Ohanian, B Onnig, rue église Arménienne, iron & metal dealer
Oharian, Ohanes, rue Midan 8, colonial goods
Oundjian, brothers, rue Souk el-Serafia 1, jewellers
Ovaghimian, J A, rue Colucci pacha 3, sales representative & transportation
Palayan, G, rue de la Poste 1, dentist
Papasian, -, rue Fouad 1er, succ. Boulevard Saad-Zaghloul 9, pianos & musical instruments
Papazian, Armenag, rue Souk el-Tork, antiquities
Papazian, G H, rue Mahmoud pacha el-Falaki, textiles
Papazian, G H, rue Sésostris 12, tailor
Papazian, P L, Duz & Co, rue Farouk 43, sales representative
Paresequian, Moses, boulevard Saad-Zaghloul 24, furniture
Parsokian, brothers, rue Port-Est 24, shoe manufacturers
Pembedjian, Jean, rue St Mark 1, colonial goods & sales representative
Raphaelian, N, rue Sésostris 17, jeweller
Sabondjian, Onnig, rue Colucci pacha 9, sales representative
Sahebian, H, rue cheikh Soliman pacha 3, tailor
Sarafian, A, rue Tewfik 12, tailor
Sarkissian, Y, rue Mahmoud pacha el-Falaki 3, typewriters
Satelmichian, Artin B, rue Nubar pacha 10, foodstuffs
Savinien, Arman & Co, rue Mission Américaine, furniture
Savinien, H, rue Gare-du-Caire 2, gunsmith & sales representative
Sellian, -, Sellian Photo Studio, boulevard Saad-Zaghloul 21, photographer
Semerdjian, A, rue de France, passage Ghaem, aniline dyes
Semizian, M, rue des Soeurs 45, jeweller
Seropian, Nubar, rue Selim Kaptan 14, dentist
Sexenian, H M, boulevard Saad Zaghloul 19, tobacco merchant
Simidian, Missak P, rue de France 41, confection
Sirakian, Sirag, rue Sidi Metwalli 6, architect
Solakian, Artin H, rue Souk el-Kheit, haberdasher
Stephanian, S D, rue Attarine 26, jeweller
Tachdjian, Ohannes, rue Mosquée Attarine 91, surgeon, gynaecologist & male midwife
Tachtadjian / Tahtadjian, Hagop N, rue Caied Gohar 6, grain merchant & colonial goods
Tamiguian, Tamig H, rue Farouk 38, sales representative
Taritian, Kevork H, rue des Soeurs 21, jeweller
Tashdjian, S H, rue Nubar pacha 18, household utensils
Tchakerian, A, rue Cheikh Soliman pacha 1, tailor
Tcheirchkezian, Abraham H, rue Souk el-Attarine 5, timber merchant
Tchekezian, Abraham H, rue Souk el-Attarine 5, ropemaker
Tellalian, Mme K, rue Toussoun pacha 19, lingerie, haberdashery & novelties
Tellalian, Khatchik V, rue Mahmoud-pacha el-Falaki 9, printer & stationer
Tellalian, Pascal, rue Tousson pacha 19, electrical supplies
Telyian, Simon, rue Centrale, tailor
Ternanian, brothers, rue Mosquée Attarine 64, jewellers
Teopilian, M, rue Bolanachi 4, lawyer
Terzian, brothers, rue Missalla 3, colonial goods
Topouzian, brothers T & K, rue Nubar pacha 7, opticians
Toughladjian, F, boulevard Saad-Zaghloul 11, chemist
Toughladjian, Gerard, rue Toussoun-pacha 7, surgeon & genitourinary specialist
Toupouzian, brothers T & K, rue Nubar pacha 7, jewellers
Tutundjian bey (Télémaque), rue église Debbane 2, lawyer
Tutundjian, A, brothers, rue de l’Ancienne Bourse, 18, cigarette manufacturers & tobacco merchants
Tutundjian, A, brothers, rue de l’Ancienne Bourse, Tutundjian Buildings, colours & varnishes
Vartian, M, rue Ibrahim 1er 2, photographer
Vassilian, Alexandre, place Mohamed Aly, 17, doctor, male midwife, dermatologist & genitourinary specialist
Yemendjian, M A, rue Souk el-Kheit 3, haberdasher
Yessayan, O, boulevard Saad-Zaghloul 24, antiques & carpet merchant
Youseffian, Mihran, Souk el-Sarafia 12, jeweller
Youssouffian, J A, rue de France 17, jeweller
Youssoufian, Wanes, rue Mosquée Attarine 15, dentist


Alex Armenian neighbourhoods, 1930

The above screenshot shows the principal Armenian neighbourhoods in Alexandria in 1930.



Armenian Kayseri before the 1915 Genocide

The list below shows those Armenians in the town of Kayseri (Kesaria in Armenian) named in a small selection of French-language Ottoman trade directories – those for 1909, 1912 and 1913.

The original volumes list individual professionals and tradesmen collated by occupation for ease of use by readers at the time. However, the list below is arranged alphabetically by surname, using the Latin alphabet, for ease of use by genealogists.

Generally, the names are spelt in accordance with French orthographic standards in their transliteration from the original Armenian. Some surnames were spelt differently in different years (or differently by different members of a family, or by unrelated individuals sharing the same surname), and these differences are captured in the list.

Kayseri (Kesaria or Gesaria) and other Armenian settlements in its vicinty are shown on this Google Map.

Abadjian, brothers, manufacturers of papers & cigarettes [1909]
Abadjian, Parsegh, dealer in linen & towels [1909]
Abadjioglu, brothers, merchants [1909, 1912]
Abakian, Himayak, fabrics [1909]
Adjemian, Kevork, shoemaker [1912, 1913]
Adjemoglou, Agop, builder [1909, 1912, 1913]
Adjentian, Missak, butcher [1909, 1912, 1913]
Adourian, Dicran, haberdasher [1912, 1913]
Afcharian, Agop, manufacturer of coloured muslin [1909, 1912, 1913]
Aghabachian, Ohannes, importer of leather and hides [1909]
Aghadjanian, Setrak, farmer [1912, 1913]
Aghaghanian / Aghlaghanian, Kricor, agent [1909, 1912, 1913]
Aghlaghanian, Krikor, importer of leather and hides [1909, 1912, 1913]
Aglayanyan, Kricor, cattle dealer [1909]
Ainedjian, Kevork, producer of basturma [1909, 1912, 1913]
Alboyadjian, A, town councillor [1909, 1912]
Alboyadjian, Kevork, animal gut merchant [1912, 1913]
Allahverdian, Agop, wool & silk rugs [1909]
Allaverdi, A, town councillor [1909, 1912]
Altoun, Garabed, builder [1909, 1912, 1913]
Apelian, Agop, carpet exporter [1909, 1912, 1913]
Apelian, Garabed, carpet exporter [1912, 1913]
Arabian, Kabriel, producer of basturma [1912, 1913]
Arakelian, Agop & Artin, haberdashers [1912, 1913]
Arakelian, Arakel, haberdasher [1909, 1912, 1913]
Arakelian, Dikran, producer of basturma [1909, 1912, 1913]
Arslanian, Ohan, doctor [1909]
Arslanian, Zakeos, silkworm breeder [1912, 1913]
Artin ousta [master], barber [1909, 1912, 1913]
Artinian, Artin, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Atmadjayan, Sarkis, watchmaker [1912, 1913]
Atoyan, Artin, clerk at tobacco board [1912, 1913]
Avedian, Garabed, barber [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ayanian, Parsegh, carpet exporter [1912, 1913]
Ayneyan, Asdvadzadour, wool machines [1909]
Ayneyan, Assadour, wool machines [1912, 1913]
Bach Bazirguianian, Parsegh, bookseller & stationer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Baghtchelian, Toros, tailor [1913]
Baroutdjian, S S, glass and hardware dealer [1912, 1913]
Bathiarian, brothers, dealers in linen & towels [1912, 1913]
Bahtiarian, Hadji Karnik, manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Bahtiarian, Serope Mihran, manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Balian, Detad, Armenian Apostolic prelate [1909]
Balian, Parsegh, agent [1912, 1913]
Bediguian, Bedros, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Bedjikian, Artin, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Behrikian, K, Armenian Apostolic vicar [1913]
Berberian, Agop, pharmacist [1909, 1912, 1913]
Berberian, Garabed, goldsmith [1909, 1912, 1913]
Beudjekian, -, dealer in linen & towels [1909, 1912, 1913]
Bohdjelian, Sarkis, producer of basturma [1909]
Bostanian, Agop, haberdasher [1909, 1912]
Boxalian, -, fabrics [1909, 1912, 1913]
Bulbulian, M, lawyer [1909]
Chaldjian, Hadji Vartan, producer of basturma [1909, 1912]
Chaldjian, Garabed, producer of basturma [1909, 1912, 1913]
Chaldjian, Kaloust, producer of basturma [1909, 1912, 1913]
Chichekian, Gulbenk, photographer [1912, 1913]
Chimchirian, Agop, producer of basturma [1912, 1913]
Chimchirian, Agopdjan & Serkis, manufacturers [1909, 1912, 1913]
Chimchirian, Sarkis & Agopdjan, dealers in linen & towels [1912, 1913]
Chimchirian, Missak, grain dealer [1909]
Couyoumdjian, O, town councillor [1909]
Couyoumdjian, Onnig, agent of Phoenix Assurance (Austria) [1909]
Couyoumdjian, Onnig, agent of L’Union de Paris assurance [1912]
Couyoumdjian, Onnik, merchant [1909, 1912, 1913]
Daghlarian, Tatheos & Hovsep, producers of basturma [1909, 1912, 1913]
Daglarian, H, shipper [1909, 1912, 1913]
Dakessian, Missak, watchmaker [1912, 1913]
Damlamayan, Hatchadour, doctor [1912, 1913]
Damlamian, Puzant, dentist [1913]
Dedeyan, Dikran, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Dedeyan, H, dealer in linen & towels [1913]
Dedeyan, Hamparzoum , manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Dedeyan, Kevork, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Dedeyan, Ohannes, dealer in Oriental curiosities [1909, 1912, 1913]
Dellalian, Garabed, importer of leather and hides [1909, 1912, 1913]
Delvetian, Hatchadour, doctor [1909, 1912, 1913]
Der Kougassian, Sissak, pharmacist [1912, 1913]
Der Meguerditchian, -, dealer in linen & towels [1909]
Der Mesropian, brothers, fabrics [1909]
Der Miguirditchian, -, tailor [1909]
Deguirmendjian / Deyirmendjian, Meguerditch, dentist [1909, 1912, 1913]
Djamdjian, -, wool & mohair dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Djamdjian, brothers, merchants [1909, 1912, 1913]
Djamdjian, Agop, metal dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Djamdjian, Garabed, metal dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Djamdjian, Vahan & Leon, manufacturers [1909, 1912]
Djazmadarian, Agop, importer of leather and hides [1909]
Djerdjerian, Karnik, pharmacist [1909]
Djerdjerian, Sarkis, producer of basturma [1909]
Djevahirdjian, Roupen, representative of Singer sewing machines [1909, 1912, 1913]
Djinguidirian, brothers, animal gut merchants [1909]
Djirdjirian, Artin, glass and hardware dealer [1909]
Djirdjirian, Karnik, pharmacist [1912, 1913]
Djivelekian, Armenak, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Durkerian, H Agop, tailor [1912, 1913]
Efkereli, Artin, shoemaker [1909, 1912, 1913]
Elibouyoukian, Garabed, doctor [1909]
Elmayoudanian, Ghazaros, goldsmith [1909]
Emirzian, Kirkor, haberdasher [1909, 1912, 1913]
Epremian, Djivan Mihran, haberdasher [1909]
Erkiletliyan, Artin, wool machines [1909, 1912, 1913]
Essayan, Agop, dentist [1913]
Essayan, M, glass and hardware dealer [1909]
Etmekdjian, brothers, manufacturers of coloured muslin [1912, 1913]
Etmekdjian, Hadji Artin, manufacturer of coloured muslin [1909]
Eukababian, brothers, manufacturers [1912, 1913]
Euksuzian, Sahak, builder [1909, 1912, 1913]
Fillippossian, O, agent of Alliance de Genes assurance [1912, 1913]
Frenkian, D, town councillor [1909, 1912]
Frenkian, H C, banker & currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Frenkian, Yervant, shipper [1909, 1912, 1913]
Gadjerian, Dicran, fabrics [1909]
Gazarian, Haig, agent of Phoenix Assurance (Austria) [1912, 1913] and of Caisse Paternelle [1913]
Gazerian, Haig, glass and hardware dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ghazerian, Dikran, manufacturer [1909]
Guerekmezian, -, merchant [1909]
Gulbenkian, Gaspar, lawyer [1909, 1913]
Gulbenkian, Gulbenk, doctor [1909, 1912, 1913]
Gurunluyan, Artin, soap merchant [1909, 1912, 1913]
Gurunlyan, M, soap merchant [1909, 1912, 1913]
Haitayan, Mardiros, producer of basturma [1912, 1913]
Haladjian, brothers, producers of basturma [1909]
Hamalian, Peniamin, builder [1909, 1912, 1913]
Hatchikian, B, grocer [1909]
Hazarian, Parsegh, goldsmith [1909, 1912]
Hurmuzian, Sarkis, manufacturer of coloured muslin [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ibranossian / Ipranossian, brothers, dealers in linen & towels & manufacturers [1909, 1912, 1913]
Iktiyarian, A, merchant [1909]
Indjirdjian, Artin, dealer in Oriental curiosities [1909]
Inguiliz, Sarkis, butcher [1909]
Iplikdjian, -, dealer in linen & towels [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ismirlian, Krikor, agent [1912, 1913]
Ismitlian, Artin, furrier [1912, 1913]
Isnimedlian, Agop, lawyer [1909]
Ispendjian, Garabed, doctor [1912, 1913]
Ispetcherian, Agop, doctor [1912, 1913]
Jamgotchian, Agop, tailor [1912, 1913]
Jamgotchian, Mardiros, confectioner [1912, 1913]
Jamgotchian, Pokrades, dealer in Oriental curiosities [1912, 1913]
Jamgotchian, Sarkis, confectioner [1909]
Kabassakalian, Agop, currency exchange [1909]
Kabassakalian, Nazar, manufacturer of coloured muslin [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kalaidjian, -, carpet exporter [1909]
Kalfayan, Arsene, lawyer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kalpakian / Kalpakdjian, Agop, pharmacist [1912, 1913]
Kalpakian, H & Co, druggists & agents for medicines & pharmaceutical products [1912, 1913]
Kalpakian, Hapet, department manager, tobacco board [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kalpakian, Setrak, exporter of skins [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kaltakdjian, Boghos, druggist & pharmacist [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kaltakdjian, Boghos, wool machines [1909]
Kaltakdjian, David, producer of basturma [1909]
Kaltakdjian, Hadji Kricor, importer of leather and hides [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kaltakian, Sarkis, doctor [1912, 1913]
Kapakian, H & brothers, fabrics [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kaplanian, Kaloust, bookseller & stationer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Karacachian, Avedis, laundryman [1909]
Karagueusian, Himayak, doctor [1913]
Karakoulian, Ohannes, dealer in linen & towels [1909]
Karamikian, Agop, confectioner [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kassabian, Hadji Messia, wool & silk rugs [1909]
Kassabian, Messa, carpet exporter [1912, 1913]
Kassapian, Nazar, producer of basturma [1912, 1913]
Kassardjian, brothers, farmers [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kassardjian, brothers, fabrics [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kassardjian, Garabed, lawyer [1912, 1913]
Kazandjian, Hadji Garabed, haberdasher [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kazazian, Agop, wool & mohair dealer [1912, 1913]
Kazazian, H & S, wool & mohair dealers & merchants [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kazerian, Haig, haberdasher [1909, 1912, 1913]
Keayan, Agop, exporter of skins [1909]
Keayan, Miguirditch, wool & mohair dealer [1909]
Kechichian, Mateos, Armenian Catholic vicar [1912, 1913]
Kechguekian, Gulabi, importer of leather and hides [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kehyayan, Agop, wool & mohair dealer, manufacturer & merchant [1909, 1912]
Kehyayan, M, merchant [1909]
Kehyayan, Ohannes, lawyer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Keledjian, Garbis, barber [1909, 1912, 1913]
Keloghlanian, Kevork, glass and hardware dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Keloghlanian, Parsegh, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kerestedjian, Nazar, timber merchant [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ketchian, Sarkis, watchmaker [1912, 1913]
Keutcheyan, Apraham, doctor [1909, 1912, 1913]
Khatchadourian, -, merchant [1909]
Khorozian, Kricor, laundryman [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kielessian, Agop, importer of leather and hides [1909]
Kierekmezian, Krikor, agent of Gresham Assurance [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kiestekian, Agop, importer of leather and hides [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kilidjian, -, shipper [1909]
Kilimian, Parsegh, grain dealer & manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kirtchayan, Agop, agent [1909]
Kitabdjian, brothers, goldsmiths [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kondakdjian, Avedis, grocer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kondakdjian, Levon, colonial goods [1912, 1913]
Konialian, Agop, barber [1912, 1913]
Koulian, Agop, agent [1912, 1913]
Koundakdjian, Kricor, carpet exporter [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kourouyan, Agop, goldsmith [1912, 1913]
Koutnian, Roupen, manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Kouyoumdjian, Onnig, wool & mohair dealer [1909, 1912, 1913] and agent of Union de Paris assurance [1913]
Kurkdjian, Kaprel, haberdasher [1909, 1912, 1913]
Loussararian, M, flour merchant [1913]
Loussararian, Mardiros, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Loussararian, Mardiros, grain dealer [1909]
Madjarian, Ababa, fez dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Maissian, Sarkis, producer of basturma [1909]
Malhassian, Hamparzoum, fabrics [1909]
Malkassian, Krikor, shipper [1909, 1912, 1913]
Marachli, Sarkis, grocer [1909]
Maraschian, -, carpet exporter [1909]
Marcarian, H, colour & varnish dealer [1912, 1913]
Martayan, Vahan, glass and hardware dealer [1909, 1912]
Meineti, Garabed, goldsmith [1909]
Mekdjavakian, H Artin, manufacturer [1912, 1913]
Melemetdjian, Krikor, importer of leather and hides [1909, 1912, 1913]
Mendikian / Mindikian, Haig, manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Mendikian, T, town councillor [1909, 1912]
Mendikian /Mindikian, Tateos & brothers, dealers in linen & towels [1909, 1912, 1913]
Merdinian, Kievork, pharmacist [1913]
Merdjimekdjian, Nazar, importer of leather and hides [1909]
Merekdjian, Nazar, butcher [1909]
Mesropian, -, fabrics [1909, 1912, 1913]
Mihtchavakian, -, fabrics [1909, 1912, 1913]
Mikdjavakian, Ohannes, shipper [1912, 1913]
Minassian, Minas, fabrics [1909]
Mindikian, H, dealer in linen & towels [1913]
Mindikian, Tatheos & son, manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Mirzavakian, K, shipper [1909]
Moroukian, Leon, wool & silk rugs [1909]
Moroukian, Leon, carpet exporter [1912, 1913]
Mosditchian, Garabed, metal dealer [1909]
Mosditchian, Nazaret, bookseller & stationer [1909]
Mostidjian, brothers, photographers [1909]
Nacashian, Garabed, carpet exporter [1909, 1912, 1913]
Naltchadjian, Toros, cattle dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Navrouzian, Garabed, manufacturer of coloured muslin [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ohanian, Garabed, furrier [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ohanian, Hadji, currency exchange [1909]
Ohanian, Mihran, exporter of skins [1909]
Ohanian, Vahan, agent [1909, 1912]
Ohanian, Vahan, shipper [1909]
Ohanian, V & G, wool & mohair dealer & exporters of skins [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ougourian, Karnik, glass and hardware dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ougourlian, Karnik, haberdasher [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ougourlian, Karnik, silkworm breeder [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ounanian, Dikran, barber [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ouzounboghossian, brothers, manufacturers [1912, 1913]
Ouzounboghossian, Agop, importer of leather and hides [1909, 1912, 1913]
Ouzounboghossian, Djivan, manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Palamoudian, Garabed, confectioner [1909, 1912, 1913]
Palamoudian, Vitchen, grain dealer [1909]
Panossian, H, wool & silk rugs [1909]
Panossian, Y, carpet exporter [1909]
Pilipossian, Kevork, manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Pirinian / Pirimian, Onnik, director of Imperial Ottoman Bank [1912, 1913]
Poladian, Arakel, currency exchange [1909]
Poladian / Polatian, Missak, currency exchange [1912, 1913]
Rakidjian, -, manufacturer [1909]
Reteossian, Dicran, doctor in health department [1909, 1912, 1913]
Saadjian, -, fabrics [1909, 1912, 1913]
Saatdjian, Agop & brothers, watchmakers [1909, 1912, 1913]
Saghirian, Parsegh, dealer in linen & towels [1909]
Saghirian, Sarkis, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Saghiroglou, Parsek, flour dealer [1909]
Saghiroglou, Hadji Parsegh, miller at Ağırnas [1909, 1912]
Salidjian, Agop, currency exchange [1909]
Samuelian, Kaloust, tailor [1909, 1912]
Sarafian, Taniel, carpet exporter [1909, 1912, 1913]
Sarian, -, merchant & carpet exporter [1909, 1912, 1913]
Sarian, -, wool & mohair dealer [1912, 1913]
Sayabaleyan, Ghazaros effendi, Christian deputy governor [1909]
Seferian, brothers, fabrics [1909]
Seferian, Aleksan, metal dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Seferian, Boghos, dealer in linen & towels [1909]
Silghidjian, -, merchant [1909, 1912, 1913]
Silguidjian, -, carpet exporter [1909, 1912, 1913]
Silguidjian, -, wool & mohair dealer [1912, 1913]
Silguidjian, Kevork, manufacturer of coloured muslin [1909, 1912, 1913]
Simitian, M, carpet exporter [1909]
Sislian, Matheos, Armenian Catholic prelate [1909]
Sivadjian, Parsegh, manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Spendjian / Spentchian, Garabed, doctor in municipal health department [1909, 1912]
Spentchian, Agop, agent [1909, 1912, 1913]
Stambollouyan, Bedros, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Stepanian, brothers, photographers [1909, 1912, 1913]
Susmeyan, G, agent [1913]
Susmeyan, G, importer of leather and hides and metal dealer [1913]
Susmeyan / Suzmeyan, Garabed, shipper [1909, 1912, 1913]
Tachdjioglou, Avram, shoemaker [1912, 1913]
Tachdjoglou, Avram, dealer in linen & towels [1909, 1912, 1913]
Taharian, -, manufacturer [1909]
Tahtabouroun, Agop, shipper [1909]
Taslakdjian, Garabed, wool & silk rugs [1909]
Taslakdjian, Garabed, carpet exporter [1912, 1913]
Tatarian, Dicran, manufacturer &, fabrics [1909]
Tchadirdjian, Garabed, furrier [1912, 1913]
Tchakmakdjian, Toros, haberdasher [1912, 1913]
Tchamkertenian, Mardiros, wool & silk rugs [1909]
Tchamkertenian, Mardiros, carpet exporter [1912]
Tchaparian, S, currency exchange [1909, 1912, 1913]
Tcherdjian / Tchertchian, Garabed, agent for Victoria de Berlin assurance & merchant in dyes [1912, 1913]
Tcheukukoglou, Parsegh, dyer [1909]
Tchinghidirian, Agop, exporter of skins [1909]
Tchiraghian, Agop, manufacturer of coloured muslin [1909, 1912, 1913]
Tcholakian, G, animal gut merchant [1909]
Tchoulfayan, Parounag, laundryman [1912, 1913]
Tellalian, Agop, fabrics [1909, 1912, 1913]
Tellian, Garabed, manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Timourian, Agop, carpet exporter [1909]
Topalian, brothers, carpet exporters [1909, 1912]
Topashian, Krikor, fabrics [1912, 1913]
Toufexian / Tufenkdjian, Ohannes, glass and hardware dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Toufexian, O & G, glass and hardware dealer [1909]
Touloumdjian, Hadji Agop, importer of leather and hides [1909, 1912, 1913]
Tufenkdjian, Meguerditch, wool & silk rugs [1909]
Varterian, Yervant, lawyer [1912, 1913]
Vartouk, Artin, barber [1909]
Yacobian, -, manufacturer of coloured muslin [1909, 1912, 1913]
Yacoubian, Kerope, Armenian Protestant minister [1909, 1912, 1913]
Yacoubian, Mihran, colonial goods dealer [1909]
Yaghmourian, Artin, metal dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Yazidjian, Garabed, colonial goods dealer [1909]
Yazidjian, Marcar S, manufacturer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Yazidjian, Markar S, dealer in linen & towels [1909, 1912, 1913]
Yazmadarian, Agop, importer of leather and hides [1912, 1913]
Yedibalian, A, town councillor [1909, 1912]
Yedibalian, K, glass and hardware dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Yedibalian, Kevork, manufacturer of papers & cigarettes [1909]
Youssoufian, Dion, glass and hardware dealer [1909]
Youssoufian, H D, colour & varnish dealer, colonial goods dealer, manufacturer of papers & cigarettes & glass and hardware dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Youssoufian, H H, colour & varnish dealer, colonial goods dealer, manufacturer of papers & cigarettes & glass and hardware dealer [1909, 1912, 1913]
Zakoyan, Melcon, timber merchant [1909]
Zambachian / Zambakdjian, -, carpet exporter [1909, 1912, 1913]
Zambakdjian, David & Garabed, manufacturers [1909, 1912, 1913]
Zartarian, Mardiros, Armenian Apostolic vicar [1912]






Armenians in Van trade directories 1880s/1890s

The city of Van is described in an 1891 French-language trade directory as follows:

“VAN (chief town of the vilayet). An old town, founded by Semiramis according to local tradition. The city is built near the edge of Lake Van, at approximately 5,200 feet above sea level. At the foot of the large rock that forms the citadel, remains of ancient buildings and cuneiform inscriptions have been found. 30,000 inhabitants, of whom 20,000 are Armenian.

The suburb called Aykesdan (“the vines” or “the vinyards”) is very pleasant.

The port is in commercial communication with secondary ports on the lake such as Nareg [Narek – modern Yemişlik], Ardjich [Arjesh – modern Erciş] and Tadouan [Datvan – modern Tatvan]. The lake is 80 miles long by 35 miles wide, if one does not count the gulf which extends inland to the NE and which measures 700 sq km, which makes the total extent of the lake about 3,500 sq km.

In the months of May and June, the darekh fish [Alburnus tarichiis – the only fish native to Lake Van] is caught in great quantities, and both exported to Persia and preserved for the winter.

Products: wheat, barley, vegetables, fruits, wines, oils, coal (untapped until today), zirnik [sodium sulfide], darekh fish, wool, tiftik [mohair], goat and sheep skins, and some furs. Salts [minerals?] are rich enough in the surroundings of Van. In Djoulamerik [Julamerik – modern Hakkâri], there is a mine with abundant reserves of zirnik but which is long abandoned.

Industries: cotton fabrics of various kinds, carpets, tanneries, belts.

Imports: European and Persian manufactures, colonial goods, cotton, worked skins.

Exports: cattle, sheep, galls [used for ink and dye], skins, wool.

12 Armenian churches, several convents, 4 mosques (one a former church), several Armenian schools, two preparatory schools. Schools for boys and girls run by American missionaries.”

The city is shown on this Google Map, together with various sites of Armenian interest , including those mentioned in the translation above.

The Armenian residents mentioned in the directories consulted – those for 1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896 – are as follows.


Alemian, Aslan, banker [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Babiguian, brothers, merchants [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Bartevian, Artin, tanner [1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Chadvorian, Avedis, banker [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889]
Chahbazian, Manouk, merchant [1889]
Chahbinderian, Margos, merchant [1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Chaldjian, Agop, merchant [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889]
Chirvanian, Nishan effendi, dragoman for British Vice-Consul [1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Der Artinian, Simon effendi, dragoman for Persian Consul [1896]
Der Ohannessian, Kirkor, merchant [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Derdivonessosian, Nerses, stationer & bookseller [1893, 1894, 1896]
Djidadjian, brothers, merchants [1893, 1894, 1896]
Eremian, O, merchant [1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Fadjian, Var., merchant [1889, 1891]
Hussian, Mihran, dragoman to Russian Consulate [1883, 1885, 1889]
Kaprielian / Kabrielian, Haroutioun, shoemaker [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891]
Khaghakhortian / Kaghaghortian, brothers, merchants [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Kaldjian, Artin, banker [1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Kaldjian, Kievork bey, merchant [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889]
Kaldjian, Var., merchant [1891]
Kalikian, brothers, merchants [1893, 1894, 1896]
Kapamadjian, -, bankers [1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Kapamadjian, brothers, manufacturers [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Kapamadjian, brothers, merchants [1881, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Kapamadjian, Bedros, agent of Imperial Ottoman Bank [1896]
Khadjian, Nishan effendi, dragoman for Persian Consul [1893, 1894]
Khanikian, Garebet, merchant [1893, 1894, 1896]
Khrimian, Miguirditch, Armenian Apostolic Prelate [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891]
Kondadjian [Konderdji], Mig., bookkeeper & accountant, tobacco board [1893, 1894, 1896]
Levonian, -, stationer & bookseller [1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Maroutian effendi, merchant [1889, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Nabboundian, Garabet, merchant [1889]
Nalbandian, Garabet, merchant [1891]
Ohannes, Armenian Apostolic suffragan bishop at Başkale [1881]
Ohannes effendi, merchant [1889, 1891]
Pagr[e]vantian, Der Sahag vartabet, Armenian Orthodox Archbishop [1893, 1894, 1896]
Portucalian, M, stationer & bookseller [1883, 1885, 1889]
Portukalian, Miguirditch, founder & director of the United Armenian Society School / Van Central School [1881, 1883, 1885]
Puzantian, -, stationer & bookseller [1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Santourdjian, Ohannes, merchant [1893, 1894, 1896]
Sapoundji, Agop, merchant [1889]
Sironandjian, Karekin, Armenian Apostolic vicar general [1881]
Takvorian, effendi, chief engineer for Van vilayet [1885, 1889]
Tateos, father, Armenian Apostolic vicar [1891]
Tcherlemezian, M, stationer & bookseller [1883, 1885, 1889]
Tchilingaroff, G, dragoman for Russian Vice-Consul [1893, 1894, 1896]
Terlemezian, Manoug & M, merchants [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891]
Terlemezian, Sahak & brothers, merchants [1893, 1894, 1896]
Terzibachian, Artin effendi, merchant [1889]
Terzibachian, Haroutioun, merchant [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Tokmakian, Markar, manufacturer [1881, 1883, 1885, 1889, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896]
Tutundjian, Manass, merchant [1893, 1894, 1896]
Vartan, Sahag bey, manager of the tobacco board [1893, 1894]
Vartazarian, Mihran, doctor [1881]

The image below shows Van on a British Intelligence Division, War Office map of 1901, based on triangulation and reconnaissance carried out between 1880 and 1900 by various army officers and consular staff.

Van, 1901


Surb Khach, Akhtamar

Surb Khach, Akhtamar